0
Original Research: Lung Cancer |

Long-term Outcomes of Patients With Ground-Glass Opacities Detected Using CT Scanning

Shigeki Sawada, MD, PhD; Natsumi Yamashita, MD, PhD; Ryujiro Sugimoto, MD, PhD; Tsuyoshi Ueno, MD, PhD; Motohiro Yamashita, MD, PhD
Author and Funding Information

FUNDING/SUPPORT: The authors have reported to CHEST that no funding was received for this study.

aDepartment of Thoracic Surgery, National Hospital Organization Shikoku Cancer Center, Matsuyama, Japan

bDivision of Clinical Biostatistics, National Hospital Organization Shikoku Cancer Center, Matsuyama, Japan

CORRESPONDENCE TO: Shigeki Sawada, MD, PhD, Department of Thoracic Surgery, Shikoku Cancer Center, 160 Minamiumemoto-cho Kou, Matsuyama-shi, Ehime, 791-0280, Japan


Copyright 2016, American College of Chest Physicians. All Rights Reserved.


Chest. 2017;151(2):308-315. doi:10.1016/j.chest.2016.07.007
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background  The long-term outcomes of follow-up care for ground-glass opacity (GGO) lesions need to be clarified.

Methods  Between 2000 and 2005, a total of 226 patients with pure or mixed GGO lesions ≤ 3 cm in size were registered. The CT findings and changes in the findings during the follow-up period and the outcomes of the 226 patients were subsequently reviewed.

Results  Overall, 124 patients underwent resections, 57 did not receive follow-up examinations after 68 months because of stable disease or disease reduction, and 45 are continuing to receive follow-up examinations. Thirty-nine patients exhibited tumor growth during the follow-up period. Among the patients with a ratio of the diameter of consolidation relative to the tumor diameter (CTR) > 0, all cases with tumor growth were identified within 3 years; meanwhile, > 3 years were required to identify tumor growth in 16% of the patients with a CTR of 0. Aggressive cancer occurred in 4% of patients with a CTR of 0 and in 70% of patients with a CTR > 25%. Aggressive cancer was observed in 46% of the patients whose CTR increased during the follow-up period and in 8% of the patients whose tumors increased in size.

Conclusions  A higher CTR and an increase in CTR during follow-up were associated with invasive cancer. A follow-up period of 3 years is considered to be adequate for judging tumor growth in patients with a CTR > 0, whereas a longer follow-up period might be needed for patients with a CTR of 0.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543