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Commentary |

Establishing Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine in China: 2016 Report on Implementation and Government Recognition: Joint Statement of the Chinese Association of Chest Physicians and the American College of Chest Physicians

Renli Qiao, MD, PhD, FCCP; Darcy Marciniuk, MD, FCCP; Nicki Augustyn; Mark J. Rosen, MD, Master FCCP; Huaping Dai, MD; Rongchang Chen, MD, FCCP; Sinan Wu, MD; Chen Wang, MD, PhD, FCCP
Author and Funding Information

aDepartment of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, Keck School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, CA

bDepartment of Medicine, University of Saskatchewan, Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada

cAmerican College of Chest Physicians, Glenview, IL

dDepartment of Pulmonary, Critical Care, and Sleep Medicine, North Shore University Hospital, Manhasset, NY

eCapital Medical University, Beijing Chao Yang Hospital, Beijing Institute of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing, China

fBeijing Chao Yang Hospital, Beijing Institute of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing, China

gDepartment of Critical Care and Respiratory Medicine, State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease at The First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Medicine, Guangzhou, China

hMinistry of Health, Beijing Hospital, Beijing Institute of Health, and Key Laboratory of Geriatrics, Beijing, China

CORRESPONDENCE TO: Darcy Marciniuk, MD, FCCP, Division of Respirology, 5th Floor Ellis Hall, Royal University Hospital, Saskatoon, SK, S7N 0W8 Canada


Copyright 2016, American College of Chest Physicians. All Rights Reserved.


Chest. 2016;150(2):279-282. doi:10.1016/j.chest.2016.05.005
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This article provides an update on progress toward establishing pulmonary and critical care medicine (PCCM) fellowship training as one of the first four subspecialties to be recognized and supported by the Chinese government. Designed and implemented throughout 2013 and 2014 by a collaborative effort of the Chinese Thoracic Society (CTS) and the American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST), 12 leading Chinese hospitals enrolled a total of 64 fellows into standardized PCCM training programs with common curricula, educational activities, and assessment measures. Supplemental educational materials, online assessment tools, and institutional site visits designed to evaluate and provide feedback on the programs’ progress are being provided by CHEST. As a result of this initial progress, the Chinese government, through the Chinese Medical Doctor’s Association, endorsed the concept of subspecialty fellowship training in China, with PCCM as one of the four pilot subspecialties to be operationalized nationwide in 2016, followed by implementation across other subspecialties by 2020. This article also reflects on the achievements of the training sites and the challenges they face and outlines plans to enhance and expand PCCM training and practice in China.


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