Tobacco Cessation and Prevention: Tobacco Cessation and Prevention |

Experimentation With Cigarettes and e-Cigarettes Among Greek Adolescents FREE TO VIEW

Athanasia LiozidouI; Niki Dimou; Areti Lioupa; Panagiotis Behrakis
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Biomedical Research Foundation of Athens Academy, Athens, Greece

Copyright 2016, American College of Chest Physicians. All Rights Reserved.

Chest. 2016;149(4_S):A594. doi:10.1016/j.chest.2016.02.620
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SESSION TITLE: Tobacco Cessation and Prevention

SESSION TYPE: Original Investigation Poster

PRESENTED ON: Saturday, April 16, 2016 at 11:45 AM - 12:45 PM

PURPOSE: Multiple parameters may be related to tobacco experimentation during adolescence. The aim of this study was to investigate prevalence and predictors of cigarette and e-cigarette smoking among adolescents in Greece for the school year 2013-2014

METHODS: Our survey was administered to a representative sample of middle and high school students (1802 in total, 810 boys and 992 girls), living in Athens and Thessaloniki, Greece. A self-reported questionnaire was used to collect data for cigarette use, experimentation with tobacco products, awareness of health hazards and exposure to smoking through the entertainment media, the promotion activities of tobacco industry and the school environment. Pearson’s x2 tests were used to evaluate the association of tobacco use with grade and gender. Multiple logistic regression analyses were applied to evaluate the association between selected variables and the likelihood of being a current smoker.

RESULTS: Cigarette smoking was reported by 18.2% (95% CI=16.4 - 20.0) of the population. With regards to experimentation with tobacco products an estimated 38.0% (95% CI=35.8 - 40.2) had ever tried a cigarette. Experimentation with electronic cigarettes was reported by 17,7% of the sample. Having one smoking parent was associated with cigarette smoking (OR=1.71; 95% CI [1.19, 2.46]), while being exposed to tobacco industry promotion activities was associated with a four -fold rise in the likelihood of tobacco use (OR=3.73; 95% CI [2.88, 4.83].

CONCLUSIONS: Greek urban adolescents report lower rates of smoking than the previously cited, yet it is a population experimenting with tobacco products, including e-cigarettes. The social origin of smoking behavior is confirmed, as well as the imperative need to encourage tobacco-free school policies and bans on tobacco advertising, promotion and sponsorship in Greece. Further research is needed to assess the impact of the growing prevalence of e-cigarette use among Greek adolescents.


DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Athanasia LiozidouI, Niki Dimou, Areti Lioupa, Panagiotis Behrakis

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