Tobacco Cessation and Prevention: Tobacco Cessation and Prevention |

Women and Smoking Cessation in Romania FREE TO VIEW

Magdalena Ciobanu, MD; Florentina Lica; Paraschiva Postolache, PhD
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National Institute of Pneumology “Marius Nasta”, Bucharest, Romania

Copyright 2016, American College of Chest Physicians. All Rights Reserved.

Chest. 2016;149(4_S):A593. doi:10.1016/j.chest.2016.02.619
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SESSION TITLE: Tobacco Cessation and Prevention

SESSION TYPE: Original Investigation Poster

PRESENTED ON: Saturday, April 16, 2016 at 11:45 AM - 12:45 PM

PURPOSE: The purpose is to find characteristics of the women addressing the National Stop Smoking Program in order to increase the addressability by tailoring the programme.

METHODS: We used the databases of the National Stop Smoking Program and Quitline for extracting the data related to the women who received treatment from the programme at national level (750), in Iasi (27 pts) and Bucharest (86 pts), who called at the quitline (264), who asked questions on the private forum of the website (45) and who participated at the information groups in Bucharest (224). We looked only for the parameters that are modifiable, according to the rules of the programme.

RESULTS: Less women than men asked for information about smoking cessation methods using Quitline (28% of the callers) and information groups (48% of participants), women preferring the website forum (53% of posts). Less women than men received free-of-charge non-nicotinic medication: 41% (national level), 47% (Bucharest) and 43.5% of the patients (Iasi) were women. Of the women receiving treatment, 52% are 25-44 yo. The abstinence rate at the end of treatment for women is 61% versus 56% for men (national level), and the most successfull are the youngest women (women: 63% for 25-44 yo versus 58% for >45yo; men: 55% versus 59%). There are no differences between Bucharest, Iasi and national trend, except the percentage of “lost” patients (21% in Bucharest versus 14% at national level). The main reason for quitting is the cost of smoking (for young women), respectively the health effects (for women>45yo).

CONCLUSIONS: Less women then men asked for help for quitting smoking, preferring the anonymity and impersonal approach offered by internet forum instead of phone call. Active women, aged 25-44yo, are interested in smoking cessation, as they asked for help and are the most successfull on short term. The financial argument is the most important trigger for young women to quit, and health for older ones. There are no significant differences regarding smoking cessation accessing and success between the 2 cities.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: The impersonal approach via forum has to be improved in order to increase the access of women to the smoking cessation services. The MDs acting in the programme should focus on women of active age-period, pointing the financial benefits of quitting. For women > 45yo, the health benefits should be emphasized in order to improve their access and success to smoking cessation service. In Bucharest, the monitoring of the patients has to be improved.

DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Magdalena Ciobanu, Florentina Lica, Paraschiva Postolache

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