Sleep Disorders: Sleep Disorders II |

Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Driving Schools FREE TO VIEW

Doina Todea; Andreea Coman
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University of Medicine and Pharmacy Iuliu Hatieganu Cluj-Napoca, Romania

Copyright 2016, American College of Chest Physicians. All Rights Reserved.

Chest. 2016;149(4_S):A573. doi:10.1016/j.chest.2016.02.598
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SESSION TITLE: Sleep Disorders II

SESSION TYPE: Original Investigation Poster

PRESENTED ON: Saturday, April 16, 2016 at 11:45 AM - 12:45 PM

PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) increase the risk for drowsy driving because of excessive daytime sleepiness. Undiagnosed and untreated OSAS increases also the risk of road accidents by up to 7 times.

METHODS: We conducted an observational descriprive study using as a tool Modified Stop Bang questionnaire which was validated. Questionnaire was divided into 21 items, pre-formulated answers questions applied to a number of 586 persons enrolled in 3 driving schools from Cluj, Romania, in august-december 2014.

RESULTS: 88.22% of responders were aged between 18 and 50 years, 73.79% were male. 42.32% were overweight, and obesity had 8.80% of I and II degree. 47.44% - say that their neck circumference is greater than 40 cm. 13.65% are diagnosed with hypertension. 67.92% of the respondents say that they snore. 43% - say they know they snore moderately, hard and very hard. 66.89% admit the presence of a light degree of sleepiness. 67% who invoke moderate, hard and very hard felt sleepiness and fatigue during the day, have a high body mass index, are overweight or obese of I and II degree. Over a fifth of the respondents who say that their neck circumference is greater than 40 cm, confirmed the presence of daytime sleepiness. The study reveals a low level of knowledge of the respondents on obstructive sleep apnea - 28.33% have knowledge about OSA. Only a share of 4.71% of the respondents say that they have been tested for OSAS. There is a statistically significant correlation between the presence of risk factors for OSA, daytime sleelpiness and the reponders need for knowledge and diagnosis for disease (p<0.001, p<0.0001).

CONCLUSIONS: Modified StopBang questionnaire can be used both as a screening method of the OSAS risk and as a method of information about OSAS of the population who want to obtain the driving license.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: It is compulsory for the Clinicans and Health Services to implement certain methods for informing the population on the obstructive sleep apnea, and moreover, to propose a law in the Traffic Regulations for the introduction of investigation for obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in the medical record of the drivers’ enrollment.

DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Doina Todea, Andreea Coman

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