Occupational and Environmental Lung Diseases: Occupational and Environmental Lung Diseases |

Preliminary Observation on Clinical Characteristics of Bronchial Charcoal Powder for Mountain Elderly Women FREE TO VIEW

Tingjie Wang, AAS
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Dazhou City Center Hospital, Dazhou, China

Copyright 2016, American College of Chest Physicians. All Rights Reserved.

Chest. 2016;149(4_S):A406. doi:10.1016/j.chest.2016.02.422
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SESSION TITLE: Occupational and Environmental Lung Diseases

SESSION TYPE: Original Investigation Poster

PRESENTED ON: Saturday, April 16, 2016 at 11:45 AM - 12:45 PM

PURPOSE: To approach the expressions and clinical characteristics of bronchial charcoal powder for Mountain elderly women.

METHODS: Clinical characteristics Including the main clinical manifestations, chest CT expressions, bronchoscopy findes, Detected TB-DNA in bronchial Lavage fluid, and pathological results et al Various test data were observated Prospectively and Pairing with non-mountain and Town elderly women in the same period of our hospital admitted from January 2013 to December 2014.

RESULTS: 63 cases patients were all elderly women housewives, they were age old 60-76, the average of 3 groups were 68.38,65.24 and 66.86 age old. there were no Significant differences in patients of 3 groups (p>0.05). Multiple segmental atelectasis and patch shadows (12 cases, 57.14%, respectively) in The chest CT expres sions of patients with mountain elderly women were more than patients with non- mountain and town elderly women (5 cases, 23.8%, each goups), but pulmonary Space occupying lesions in patients of town (9 cases) and non-mountain (8 cases) were more than in patients of mountain (1 case). There were all bronchial charcoal powder in 21 cases of mountain elderly women, but bronchial charcoal powder in other 2 groups were funded by bronchoscopy. But there were different Levels of congestion, swelling and narrow in 3 groups of patients, mountains with most, non-mountain areas, and towns with at least. (less 50%). Farmers in patients with endotracheal white pseudomembrane and necrotic material than urban patients (4 cases and 1cases respectively). Several farmers of bronchial tuberculosis and pulmonary tuberculosis patients was significantly higher than urban patients (18cases and 3cases) respectively. Patients suffer with Lung Cancer were 6 cases of towns, non-mountain areas 8 cases, mountain 1 case patients; hospitalized urban patients with infectious disease than farmers. The history suggested that mountain village with forest wood as fuel, non- mountain mixed biofuels, and the town was dominated by coal or gas.

CONCLUSIONS: Airway with charcoal powder is the result of long-term inhalation of bio-fuels for rural women in mountain areas, prone to cause atelectasis, bronchial tuberculosis and pulmonary tuberculosis. It is important that actively improving the cooking and heating environment is conducive to preventing rural women from COPD and lung infections.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: It is important that actively improving the cooking and heating environment is conducive to preventing rural women from COPD and lung infections.

DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Tingjie Wang

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