RESULTS: 17 cases were HIV-uninfected and only one patient with the HIV infected 4 females and 14 males with a median age of 49.5+-10.2 years (range, 23∼ 67 years). All of them were repeatedly misdiagnosed, include tuberculous pleurisy, malignant pleural effusion, tuberculous peritonitis, tuberculous meningitis, pericarditis, vertebra or sacroiliac joint tuberculosis. All patients presented with fever and cough. Additionally, 10 patients had white sputum, 4 cases had bloody sputum, 12 cases had chest pain, 10 cases had dyspnea, 14 cases had generalised or cervical lymphadenopathy, The white blood cell levels were increased in 14 patients, The mean white cell count was 17.8 ± 4.6 × 109 cells/L, The neutrophil were increased in almost patients and in a mean count 15.8 ± 4.8 × 109 cells/L. The 17 cases (except 1 infected with HIV) were normal in the the T lymphocyte count, the mean ratio of the CD4+ T cells/CD8+ T cells was 1.56 ± 0.42[all of them >0.9]. There were 18 cases with pleural effusion, including 3 cases with pericardial effusion, 6 cases with ascites and 2 cases with abnormal cerebrospinal fluid. The pleural effusion and ascites were yellowish, even some were hemorrhagic fluid. The cell count especially neutrophil count, protein content and Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) was increasing in it. Anti- eumycete medicine were administered to 10 cases and achieved improvement. 5 cases died of respiratory failure, cardiac failure, hepatic and renal failure. 2 patient’s condition agg ravated and one patient voluntarily leaved hospital without treatment.