0
Recent Advances in Chest Medicine |

Advances in Bronchial Thermoplasty

Balaji Laxmanan, MD; Katarine Egressy, MD; Septimiu D. Murgu, MD; Steven R. White, MD; D. Kyle Hogarth, MD, FCCP
Author and Funding Information

aSection of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Chicago Medicine, Chicago, IL

bRocky Mountain Heart and Lung Center, Kalispell, Montana

CORRESPONDENCE TO: D. Kyle Hogarth, MD, FCCP, Section of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University of Chicago Medicine, 5841 S Maryland Ave, MC6076, Chicago, IL


Copyright 2016, American College of Chest Physicians. All Rights Reserved.


Chest. 2016;150(3):694-704. doi:10.1016/j.chest.2016.03.012
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Bronchial thermoplasty (BT) is a therapeutic intervention that delivers targeted thermal energy to the airway walls with the goal of ablating the smooth muscle in patients with severe persistent asthma. Since the publication of the original preclinical studies, three large randomized clinical trials evaluating its impact on asthma control have been performed. These trials have shown improvements in asthma-related quality of life and a reduction in asthma exacerbations following treatment with BT. However, there remains significant controversy regarding the true efficacy of BT and the interpretation of these studies, particularly the Asthma Intervention Research 2 trial. In this article, we will discuss these controversies and present the latest evidence on the use of BT in asthma, specifically the 5-year longitudinal evaluation of patients. In addition, we will discuss new insights into the histopathologic changes that occur in the airways following BT, as well as the feasibility of performing the procedure in patients with very severe asthma. We also will discuss the ongoing translational and clinical investigations regarding the underlying mechanism of action and methods to improve patient selection for this procedure.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543