Transplantation |

Organ Donation Among Healthcare Providers: Is Giving and Receiving Similar? FREE TO VIEW

Monica Leon, MS; Guadalupe Castillo Abrego, MD; Ana Nunez, MS; Salim Surani; Sharon Einav; Joseph Varon, MD
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University General Hospital, Houston, TX

Chest. 2015;148(4_MeetingAbstracts):1082A. doi:10.1378/chest.2278367
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SESSION TITLE: Transplantation Posters

SESSION TYPE: Original Investigation Poster

PRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 28, 2015 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PM

PURPOSE: Healthcare providers encourage organ donation on regular basis. The objective of this study was to analyze the coherence of the attitude among health care providers regarding organ donation, their willingness to receive organs, and the differences among different healthcare practitioners and other hospital workers in regards to this ethical issue.

METHODS: A 33-question survey was conducted among staff members from nine different health care institutions in different sites from North America and Central America. A confidential and anonymous questionnaire included questions addressing personal opinions about organ donation as well as other ethical/ religious issues. Statistical analysis was performed utilizing chi-square testing were p<0.05 was considered significant. To assess the strength of the association, the Cramer’s V was used.

RESULTS: Of 858 surveys administered, 853 were completed. There was no follow up of initial non-responders. From the total of participants, physicians accounted for 21.1% (n=180), nurses 37.1% (n=317), and other hospital workers for 41.7% (n=356). Responders were almost equally divided in to organ donors 45.7% (n=392), and non-donors 53.7% (n=461). Doctors and nurses were significantly more likely to be organ donors than other hospital workers (p<0.043). Only 5 responders were prohibited by their religion from receiving an organ transplant. An overwhelming majority of responders would accept an organ transplant if required [90.2% (n=774)]. Willigness to receive an organ, if requred, was unrelated to participant profession. Organ donors were more likely to accept an organ transplant if required than non-organ donors [96.4% (n=370) vs. 88.7% (n=400) respectively, p<0.001].

CONCLUSIONS: Among health care providers, physicians and nurses tend to be more likely to be in favor of organ donation. However, the willingness to receive an organ was unrelated to any particular professional background. The majority of the participants were willing to accept an organ, and there was a statistical correlation between disposition to donate, and willingness to receive an organ.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Organ donation remains an important issue in modern Medicine. Clinicians and non clinicians vary on their degree of willigness to donate an organ. The fact that most people surveyed would accept an organ, if needed, suggests that campaigns at organ donation should also include people working in healthcare institutions.

DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Monica Leon, Guadalupe Castillo Abrego, Ana Nunez, Salim Surani, Sharon Einav, Joseph Varon

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