Pediatrics |

Asthma2Art: Children Express Through Art Their Feelings About Living With Asthma FREE TO VIEW

Mary Hart, RRT; Erika Diaz, RRT; Araceli Sanchez, RRT
Author and Funding Information

UTHSCSA, San Antonio, TX

Chest. 2015;148(4_MeetingAbstracts):782A. doi:10.1378/chest.2269623
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SESSION TITLE: Pediatrics Posters

SESSION TYPE: Original Investigation Poster

PRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 28, 2015 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PM

PURPOSE: Nine people die each day from asthma. It cannot be cured but it can be controlled. In San Antonio, students are absent from school due to asthma symptoms and are not meeting their full potential and performance. To provide asthma education, this program was started at five elementary schools in San Antonio with a high prevalence of asthma. In addition to asthma education, the children created pieces of artwork expressing their feelings about how asthma affects their lives. The program expanded to include school staff focusing on creating asthma friendly classrooms and gaining family support.

METHODS: The school nurse identified 60 students diagnosed with asthma between ages 5 - 11. Parents consented for the children to participate. National Asthma Education Prevention Program Guidelines were followed to develop a training program where students rotated through three fifteen minute sessions. Training included: signs and symptoms, triggers, action plans, and medications. Students interacted with the educators and performed hands-on demonstrations. Teachers were asked to complete a classroom evaluation survey that identified asthma triggers. Afterwards, they participated in asthma training learning about warning signs of asthma and how to improve their classroom environment. Students were asked to work with their art teacher and parents to create artwork describing how it feels to live with asthma which was then judged by local artists. Winning pieces of art with a description from the child were displayed in a calendar to be used to promote asthma awareness in the school, home, and community.

RESULTS: Sixty students participated in the education. At the end of the training they were able to identify their triggers, asthma signs and symptoms and demonstrate how to use their inhaler correctly. 26 took part in creating artwork which was judged by local artists and displalyed in a calendar to be used for asthma awareness. Winners were recognized during an Asthma2Art celebration. All of the teachers completed the classroom survey identifying triggers. 50 members of the school staff attended the program. The school made changes in their classrooms and library after learning more about asthma friendly classrooms.

CONCLUSIONS: The calendar will serve as a constant reminder of how essential it is to manage asthma. Final results will be determined upon completion of this project that includes additional schools.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Asthma2Art can help decrease asthma exacerbations at school.

DISCLOSURE: Mary Hart: Consultant fee, speaker bureau, advisory committee, etc.: Monaghan Medicdal Corporation Speaker's Bureau, Grant monies (from sources other than industry): Grant from EPA Erika Diaz: University grant monies: Community Service Learning Grant Araceli Sanchez: University grant monies: Community Service Learning Grant

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