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Original Research: COPD |

The Association Between Hospital Readmission and Pulmonologist Follow-up Visits in Patients With COPDCOPD Readmissions and Pulmonologist Follow-up

Rachel Gavish, MD, MPH; Amalia Levy, PhD, MPH; Or Kalchiem Dekel, MD; Erez Karp, MD; Nimrod Maimon, MD
Author and Funding Information

From the Department of Public Health (Drs Gavish and Levy), the Department of Medicine (Drs Dekel and Karp), and the Department of Pulmonology (Dr Maimon), Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev; and Soroka University Medical Center (Drs Dekel, Karp, and Maimon), Beer-Sheva, Israel.

CORRESPONDENCE TO: Nimrod Maimon, MD, Division of Pulmonology, Soroka University Medical Center, POB 151, Beer-Sheva 84111, Israel; e-mail: nimrod@bgu.ac.il


This article was presented orally at the Israeli National Pulmonology Meeting, May 2013, Tel Aviv, Israel.

FUNDING/SUPPORT: The authors have reported to CHEST that no funding was received for this study.

Reproduction of this article is prohibited without written permission from the American College of Chest Physicians. See online for more details.


Chest. 2015;148(2):375-381. doi:10.1378/chest.14-1453
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BACKGROUND:  The high frequency of readmissions in patients with COPD remains a significant problem. The impact of a pulmonologist follow-up visit during the month after discharge from hospital because of COPD exacerbation on reducing readmissions was examined. A profile of patients who did not attend the follow-up visits was built.

METHODS:  Our population-based retrospective cohort study analyzed the data of all patients with COPD who were treated at a lung institute in an Israeli hospital and were hospitalized between January 1, 2004, and December 31, 2010. Multivariate logistic regression was used to characterize the patient who did not attend the follow-up visit and to examine the effect of lack of visit on rehospitalization within 90 days of discharge. Cox proportional hazards analysis was used to model the effect of lacking visit on additional hospitalization or death during the study period.

RESULTS:  Of the 195 patients enrolled in the study, 44.1% had follow-up visits with pulmonologists within 30 days of discharge. Not attending the follow-up visit was associated with distant residence, a higher number of hospitalizations in the previous year, a lack of a recommendation in the discharge letter for a follow-up visit, and a lower frequency of follow-up visits with pulmonologists in the previous year. Moreover, not attending the follow-up visit was associated with a significant increased risk of rehospitalization within 90 days of discharge (OR, 2.91; 95% CI, 1.06-8.01).

CONCLUSIONS:  Early follow-up visits with pulmonologists seem to reduce the exacerbation-related rehospitalization rates of patients with COPD. We recommend that patients have early postdischarge follow-up visits with pulmonologists.

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