Recently, we reported a number of key, common medications that affect the air passages in a variety of fashions. The purpose of this article is to provide a comprehensive review of the literature on the subject, including supportive articles published in languages other than English. The presented information was gathered by a review of the English literature, by cross referencing, and by communication with other interventional pulmonologists. We identified several additional medications causing either direct or systemic effects on the air passages. In this review, we update the clinical presentation, mechanism of injury, diagnosis, and management of the airway complications related to these medications.