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Pediatrics |

2+2 Asthma Education Crew in the Elementary Schools

De De Gardner; Diane Rhodes
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Department of Respiratory Care, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, San Antonio, TX


Chest. 2014;146(4_MeetingAbstracts):700A. doi:10.1378/chest.1995162
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Abstract

SESSION TITLE: Childhood Asthma Posters

SESSION TYPE: Original Investigation Poster

PRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 29, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PM

PURPOSE: The asthma education program is a free asthma educational program that serves five elementary school campuses within the North East Independent School District (NEISD) of San Antonio, Texas. This program creates an environment where adults and elementary-age students learn about asthma management at their respective educational levels. Asthma prevalence rates at the five elementary campuses are above the district average of 12%. These schools are considered economically disadvantaged and have been identified as potential areas where asthma may be negatively impacting the students’ ability to meet their full academic potential due to loss of instruction time and/or absenteeism.

METHODS: The student completed a questionnaire gauging asthma knowledge and the Asthma Control Test (ACT). Students rotated through eight hands-on interactive stations; What is Asthma, Early Warning Signs: Trigger Awareness, Medication Management, Trigger Avoidance, Living with Asthma, How to use a peak flow meter, Inspiratory Flow Check and the Nitric Oxide Assessment. Parents of students with asthma completed the ACT and attended an asthma presentation. Students nitric oxide levels were determined and they were followed by the school nurse to determine the student PRN albuterol use and absences due to asthma.

RESULTS: At this time we have completed three of five asthma programs at three elementary schools. 100 students and 50 parents have participated in the program in these three schools. The students are between 5 years of age and 12 years of age. 30% (30/100) of students were identified as having a nitric oxide level at 35 or greater.

CONCLUSIONS: Elementary school students diagnosed with asthma and their parents attended the 2+2 asthma education program after a variety of barriers were removed (free meal, after school care, and sibling care). Determining students with higher nitric oxide levels indicate inflammation present. These students and parents were counseled by a pediatric pulmonologist and respiratory therapist to stress obtaining the controller medications and device use.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: All students have the potential to control their asthma, succeed academically and physically for a life time. Programs like this one can make a sustaining difference when continued more frequently.

DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: De De Gardner, Diane Rhodes

No Product/Research Disclosure Information


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