Pediatrics |

Early Childhood Education to Combat Obesity and Cardiovascular Complications FREE TO VIEW

Saherish Surani; Zoya Surani; Sophia Papakostas; Aleena Villareal; Sara Surani; Leslie Solomon; Salim Surani, MPH
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Texas A&M University, Aransas Pass, TX

Chest. 2014;146(4_MeetingAbstracts):710A. doi:10.1378/chest.1993788
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SESSION TITLE: Pediatric Medicine Posters

SESSION TYPE: Original Investigation Poster

PRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 29, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PM

PURPOSE: Four hundred million adults worldwide are obese and one billion adults are overweight. Obesity leads to an increased risk for hypertension, diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Worldwide, 17.8 million children under five years of age are overweight. In the United States, 16-33% of children and adolescents are obese. Obesity most commonly begins between the ages of five and six. We undertook the study to see the effect of teen-directed education in creating healthy habits among kindergarten children.

METHODS: The study was conducted among 43 kindergarten students in South Texas. High school students serving as role models for the kindergarten children implemented the program. The students underwent a nine questions pretest using the iClicker, a technology-based audience response system. This was followed by a forty-five minute, once a week session for four weeks. The session included puppet shows, dances, a cartoon movie emphasizing healthy habits, exercise regimens, games, fun hands-on recipes, and instructions on healthy food choices. At the end of the four-week session, children underwent a post-test with the same questions using iClicker technology.

RESULTS: On the pre-test, the correct responses ranged between 22.5%-72.22%, whereas on post-test correct responses ranged from 52.5% to 94.44%. Overall, the pretest score was 5.13 and the post-test score was 7.86, with p value <0.05. On Chi Square there was significant improvement (p<0.05) following the program on five out of nine questions.

CONCLUSIONS: Efforts to create healthy habits by teen-directed education and by incorporating several modalities including dances, puppet shows and cartoon movies may play a role in creating healthy habits.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Creating healthy habits at an early age can prevent obesity and its cardiovascular complications. Efforts should be undertaken to educate children in kindergarten and early childhood development school.

DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Saherish Surani, Zoya Surani, Sophia Papakostas, Aleena Villareal, Sara Surani, Leslie Solomon, Salim Surani

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