SESSION TITLE: Tobacco Cessation and Prevention Posters
SESSION TYPE: Original Investigation Poster
PRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 29, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PM
PURPOSE: Previously reported that smoking habit usually begins in adolescence. Rates of decline for tobacco smoking have slowed in the last decade, however not completely. Especially, young adults are still using. While tobacco products sold are required to have health warnings, citizen’s recognition are low. This was presumed that text size of package (Risk of Lung cancer, Secondhand smoke, etc.) are small , mild educational messages. Therefore, we investigated the current state about smoking recognition in Non-medical university students.
METHODS: The questionnaire for all university students was performed using our University Original Internet system in 2012-13. Subjects were conducted who enrolled over 18 age and examined in 641 cases that consent were obtained.
RESULTS: Subjects status were Male[M])/Female[F](%)=53.4/46.6, 20.4±1.6 yrs. Smoking prevalence(%) was Current 8.4(M/F,%:6.6/1.6), Former 5.6, Never 86.0. Starting was 17.9±3.2 yrs [Range 5; 21]. Smokers number increased with grade up. Tobacco Dependence Screener(TDS) of Current was 3.8±2.8(points［Range; 1; 9]), 33.3% was nicotine dependent. Smoking opportunity(%) was Out of interest:50.0, Incidentally:43.2, Stressful event:34.1, Neighbor's smoking/ Recommended: 29.5/26.1, accounted for a large number (multiple answer act). Whereas, cessation was 20.0±2.4 yrs [Range 15-23], the reason(%) was For themselves health:47.6, For neighbor's:19.0 and the other reasons(e.g. Cosmetic). Japanese National Health Insurance (JNHI) program for the smoking cessation treat criteria is Brinkman Index≧200 and TDS diagnosed with nicotine dependent, however, these are the disorders of not being able to receive JNHI for youths. Although 31.7% wish to amendment of criteria, the apathy was 55.2%. Alongside other dependence diseases(e.g. Alcoholism) are able to receive anytime JNHI. Relapse is common in nicotine dependence patient. However they can not to receive support 1-year from JNHI. In this issue, Wish to amendment/ As-is/ Apathy(%) was 28.0/32.5/39.5.
CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that lack of recognitions on the status of tobacco. And we should consider sharing the critical issue of smoking with students. In addition, indifference is dangerous, because they also have the risk of passive smoking. Road to tobacco-free campuses that especially spend youth adult periods is still difficult, we must make an effort to achieve.
CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: It is important to do enhance the tobacco-education and awareness in an immature university student for tobacco-free good life.
DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Tomoyasu Uno
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