Lung Cancer |

Lung Cancer Awareness and Anticipated Delay Before Seeking Medical Help in a General Population of Nigeria FREE TO VIEW

Olufemi Desalu; Ademola Fawibe; Emmanuel Sanya; Olutobi Ojuawo, MBBS; Adeniyi Aladesanmi, MBBS; Alakija Salami
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Deparment of Medicine University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria

Chest. 2014;146(4_MeetingAbstracts):597A. doi:10.1378/chest.1970984
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SESSION TITLE: Lung Cancer Posters II

SESSION TYPE: Original Investigation Poster

PRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 29, 2014 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PM

PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the awareness of warning signs and risk factors for lung cancer, and its association with the anticipated delay before seeking medical care in a general population of Ilorin, Nigeria.

METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study among 1125 adults in Ilorin, Nigeria. Lung cancer awareness measure (Lung CAM) was administered face to face by trained interviewers.

RESULTS: Respondents’ lung CAM score was low for warning signs and risk factors for lung cancer. Majority (62.9%) of respondents also reported that they were not confident in recognizing the warning sign for lung cancer. Higher educational attainment and income, younger age and not being married were significantly associated with increased awareness of warning signs.Apart from tobacco smoking (69.9%) and air pollution (56.4%), the other risk factors were poorly recognized by the respondents. Anticipated delay reported was significantly associated with non-recognition of any warning sign, lower educational attainment, lower income and non-recognition of haemoptysis and persistent chest pain as warning signs of lung cancer.

CONCLUSIONS: The awareness of lung cancer warning signs and risk factors are low in the study population and the reported anticipated delay was strongly associated with poor awareness of warning signs and low socioeconomic factors. There is need for promotion of public awareness of lung cancer and empowerment of at risk population to prevent delay in seeking clinical help.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: The poor awareness of lung cancer among the population could result in substantial delay in presentation, late diagnosis and poor cancer outcomes.

DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Olufemi Desalu, Ademola Fawibe, Emmanuel Sanya, Olutobi Ojuawo, Adeniyi Aladesanmi, Alakija Salami

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