0
Original Research: Tobacco Cessation and Prevention |

Long-term Effects of a Program to Increase Physical Activity in SmokersEffects of a Physical Activity Program in Smokers

Leandro C. Mantoani, MSc; Karina C. Furlanetto, MSc; Demétria Kovelis, MSc; Mahara Proença, MSc; Juliana Zabatiero, MSc; Gianna Bisca, MSc; Andréa Morita, PT; Fabio Pitta, PhD
Author and Funding Information

From the Laboratório de Pesquisa em Fisioterapia Pulmonar, Departamento de Fisioterapia, Universidade Estadual de Londrina, Londrina, Paraná, Brazil.

CORRESPONDENCE TO: Fabio Pitta, PhD, Departamento de Fisioterapia – CCS, Hospital Universitário de Londrina, Rua Robert Koch, 60 – Vila Operária, 86038-350 – Londrina, Paraná, Brazil; e-mail: fabiopitta@uol.com.br


Part of this article has been presented in abstract form (Mantoani LC, Furlanetto KC, Kovelis D, et al. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2013:A3813).

FUNDING/SUPPORT: This work was supported by Fundação Araucária/Paraná, Ministry of Health (Ministério da Saúde) – SUS (Brazil), the National Council for Scientific and Technological Development (CNPq/Brazil), and CAPES/Brazil [MSc Grants to Mss Furlanetto and Zabatiero].

Reproduction of this article is prohibited without written permission from the American College of Chest Physicians. See online for more details.


Chest. 2014;146(6):1627-1632. doi:10.1378/chest.14-0459
Text Size: A A A
Published online

BACKGROUND:  Programs aimed at increasing physical activity in daily life (PADL) have generated growing interest to prevent the deleterious effects of physical inactivity. Recent literature has shown that a short-term protocol using pedometers increased PADL in smokers with normal lung function. However, the long-term effects of such a protocol were not yet studied. The objective of this study was to evaluate the results of 1-year follow-up after a program aimed at increasing PADL in smokers with normal lung function.

METHODS:  Twenty-four smokers were followed (15 men; mean [interquartile range (IQR)], 51 [41-57] years of age; BMI, 26 [22-29] kg/m2; 20 [20-30] cigarettes/d). Subjects were assessed at baseline, immediately after completion of the program, and 1 year later for PADL, lung function, 6-min walking distance (6MWD), smoking habits, quality of life, anxiety, and depression. The 5-month program used pedometers and informative booklets as interventions.

RESULTS:  The gains achieved after the program were maintained in the long term: steps/d (postprogram vs 1-year follow-up, mean [IQR]: 10,572 [9,804-12,237] vs 10,438 [9,151-12,862]); 6MWD (625 [530-694] m, 88 [81-97] % predicted vs 609 [539-694] m, 89 [81-96] % predicted), anxiety (34 [26-41] points vs 35 [36-47] points) and depression (6 [2-9] points vs 5 [2-11] points) (P > .05 for all). One year after the program, 20% of the subjects had quit smoking.

CONCLUSIONS:  In smokers with normal lung function, improvements in daily physical activity, exercise capacity, anxiety, and depression obtained through a 5-month program aimed at increasing physical activity are sustained 1 year after completion of the program. Furthermore, such a program can contribute to smoking cessation in this population.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543