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Obstructive Lung Diseases |

Respiratory Functions, Levels of Carbonmonoxide and Oxidative Stress in Hookah Smokers FREE TO VIEW

Funda Karaduman Yalcin, MD; Mukremin Er, MD; Aysegul Senturk, MD; Hatice Kilic, MD; Hatice Canan Hasanoglu, MD
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Pulmonology Ankara Atatürk Research and Training Hospital, Ankara, Turkey


Chest. 2014;145(3_MeetingAbstracts):431C. doi:10.1378/chest.1923883
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Abstract

SESSION TITLE: COPD III

SESSION TYPE: Slide Presentation

PRESENTED ON: Monday, March 24, 2014 at 10:45 AM - 11:45 AM

PURPOSE: Hookah is a tobacco smoking tool which is thought to be harmless than cigarette, and there is no adequate studies about its hazards to health, that is threatening the youth of the world today. In this study, we aimed to indicate the accumulated carbon monoxide levels in breath, examine the changes in respiratory function tests and indicate the effect of the parameters of oxidative stres in blood after smooking hookah.

METHODS: For this cross-sectional analytical study, hookah cafes were visited, that located in Ankara in Turkey. 50 people aged 18-40 years who smoke hookah, enrolled in the study and created the working group. The control group consisted of 50 people that the same age and sex, who had smoke neither cigarette nor hookah. Before and after smoking hookah, carbonmonoxide levels was measured in the breath and respiratory function test was performed. For the evaluation of the parameters of oxidative stress, blood were drawn after smoking hookah. Carbonmonoxide measurement in the breath, pulmonary function tests were performed and blood samples were taken from the control group, at any time.

RESULTS: Between the ages of 18 and 38, 100 people were included in the study. Before and after smoking hookah, CO values were measured 8,04 ppm and 28,08 ppm, respectively, and this increment was found significant. There was a significant reduction in respiratory function parameters values after smoking hookah. Parameters of oxidative stress in the blood after smoking hookah, were compared with the control group values and results were significantly increased.

CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study showed that, hookah smoking leads to deterioration in oxidative stress and respiratory functions. There has not been a study showing the effect of oxidative stress on the hookah. Therefore, more studies must be worked out about fight to hookah habit.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: There is a misconceptions about hookah habit that it is less harmful than cigarettes, for this reason, hookah smoking is increasing especially among young people.

DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Funda Karaduman Yalcin, Mukremin Er, Aysegul Senturk, Hatice Kilic, Hatice Canan Hasanoglu

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