SESSION TITLE: Asthma Posters
SESSION TYPE: Poster Presentations
PRESENTED ON: Saturday, March 22, 2014 at 01:15 PM - 02:15 PM
PURPOSE: To assess the knowledge about asthma from employees of a public school in a large urban center in Brazil
METHODS: Cross-sectional study carried out from November to December 2012. Teachers and the school staff was assessed by means of of a structured questionnaire consisted of 5 domains: D1- concept; D2 - triggering factors; D3 - treatments; D4 - signs and symptoms/action plan and D5 - myths on asthma. The general score the was composed according to the proportion of correct responses for each domain as: deficient (up to 25%), satisfactory (up to 50%), good (up to 75%) and excellent (above 75%).
RESULTS: 28 employees were evaluated, of both genders, (67.9% females and 32.1% males) with average ages of 43.6 ± 9.9 years. 18 subjects (64.3%) showed satisfactory knowledge about asthma, 6 (21.4%) good, 3 (10.7%) deficient, 1 (3.6%) excellent. In the analysis by domain it was also verified that 12 (42.9%) presented good knowledge on the concept of asthma; 15 (53.6%) good knowledge on triggering factors; 13 (46.4%) deficient knowledge on the relief and maintenance treatment and good knowledge on the use of action plan and myths on asthma with 9 (32%) and 10 (35.7%), respectively.
CONCLUSIONS: The knowledge of employees in a school under study was largely presented as satisfactory. Nevertheless, it was verified that knowledge is still deficient in relation to treatment, one of the most important aspects for the control of the disease and rescue in the case of exacerbation
CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: In Salvador, asthma affects around ¼ of children and teenagers in school age. The knowledge about asthma of all those that are part of the school staff could positively influence the control of the disease and early attendance up until emergency medical treatment in cases of exacerbation.
DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Ana Carla Coelho, Carolina Souza-Machado, Thiara Silva de Oliveira, Tássia Nascimento, Jane Cabral, Adelmir Souza-Machado
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