Sleep Disorders |

Are Current Patients Different Than Those Who Were Attended 5 Years Ago in a Respiratory Sleep Disorders Unit ? FREE TO VIEW

Deisy Barrios Barreto, MD; Patricia Lazo Meneses, MD; Jonathan Cámara Fernández, MD; Carolina Gotera, MD; Maria Salazar, NP; Eva Mañas Baena, PhD; Carolina Jurkojc Mohremberger, MD; Rosa Mirambeaux Villalona, MD; Maria Galarza Jimenez, MD; Esteban Perez Rodriguez, PhD
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Hospital Ramón y Cajal, Madrid, Spain

Chest. 2014;145(3_MeetingAbstracts):604A. doi:10.1378/chest.1823504
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SESSION TYPE: Poster Presentations

PRESENTED ON: Saturday, March 22, 2014 at 01:15 PM - 02:15 PM

PURPOSE: To analyze the difference in the profile of patients diagnosed in a Respiratory Sleep Disorders unit in 2006 compared with those diagnosed in 2011.

METHODS: We performed a retrospective study, collecting data from medical records of patients evaluated in a Respiratory Sleep Disorders unit, during 2006 and 2011.

RESULTS: A total of 146 patients were studied, 72 during 2006 and 74 during 2011. There are not significant differences between the two groups in sex and age. The 2006 cohort was composed of 71% of males and 28% women and in 2011 65% men and 35% women. The average age of patients in 2006 was 56 (SD 11.08) and in 2011 of 57 years (SD 14.07). Regarding clinical symptoms, no significant differences were observed between both groups comparing snoring, apneas, nycturia, morning headache, insomnia, daytime sleepiness measured by Epworth test and depression. The mean BMI in both groups was 31 (SD 7.21 in 2006, 5.21 in 2009) There was a slight increase in positive diagnosis in 2011 compared to 2006 (65, 88% vs 46, 58.80%, P 0.3). The average of the respiratory disturbance index in 2006 was 24.5 (SD 19.1) and in 2011 of 28.01 (SD 24.1), with no significant differences between groups (p 0,06).

CONCLUSIONS: Our current population of patients with sleep apnea is similar to that of five years ago, reflecting the persistence of patients with typical clinical and elevated body mass index. There were increases in the number of positive diagnoses, and there is a trend toward greater severity.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: After a long career in the evaluation of patients with suspected sleep apnea, it could be expected that the current cohort is younger, thinner, less severe, and there is a greater predominance of women, but there are not difference.

DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Deisy Barrios Barreto, Patricia Lazo Meneses, Jonathan Cámara Fernández, Carolina Gotera, Maria Salazar, Eva Mañas Baena, Carolina Jurkojc Mohremberger, Rosa Mirambeaux Villalona, Maria Galarza Jimenez, Esteban Perez Rodriguez

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