Sleep Disorders |

Sleep Apnea and Elderly Patients FREE TO VIEW

Paola Arrieta Narvaez, MD; Eva Mañas Baena, MD; Rosa Mirambeaux Villalona, MD; Carolina Gotera, MD; Carolina Jurkojc Mohremberger, MD; Deisy Barrios Barreto, MD; Patricia Lazo Meneses, MD; Patricia Castro Acosta, MD; Maria Galarza Jimenez, MD; Maria Salazar, MD; Sagrario Mayoralas Alises, MD; Salvador Diaz Lobato, MD; Esteban Perez Rodriguez, MD; Jonathan Cámara Fernández, MD
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Ramón y Cajal Teaching Hospital, Madrid, Spain

Chest. 2014;145(3_MeetingAbstracts):605A. doi:10.1378/chest.1822845
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SESSION TYPE: Poster Presentations

PRESENTED ON: Saturday, March 22, 2014 at 01:15 PM - 02:15 PM

PURPOSE: Several studies have suggested that Sleep apnea Syndrome is frequent in the elderly. In Spain, Apnea hypopnea syndrome during sleep affects 2-6% of the middle-aged population and 15-20% of individual between 70 and 100 years of age, representing millions of people in our country. Because this disease is so prevalent, it is essential to study the differential characteristics of SAHS in the elderly. Objective: Analyse the differential characteristics of sleep apnea syndrome in older patients.

METHODS: We performed a retrospective study collecting data from patients evaluated in the respiratory sleep disorders unit, during the years 2006-2011.

RESULTS: A total of 146 patients were analyzed, 77 <60 years and 69% >60 years. The gender was similar in both groups (70% of men<60 years and 63% of men >60, p 0.2) The average age of the younger group was of 46 (SD 8.19) and the oldest group was 67 (SD 5.8). In the first group 75% of patients were SAHS and 71% in the second group. Regarding symptoms, no significant differences were found, except nycturia, more prevalent in the group >60 years. Body mass index was similar in both groups. The elderly group had higher prevalence of hypertension and diabetes. Sleep studies feature were similar in both groups (RDI 25.8 younger group vs 26.9 older group).

CONCLUSIONS: In our cohort of patients, we did not find significant differences in clinical presentation, or sleep study profile. These findings could be justified perhaps by studying a group of patients not excessively old. Moreover, our older patients were more hypertensive and diabetic, justifying the need for closer monitoring.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Sleep apnea Syndrome affects 15-20% of individual between 70 and 100 years of age, it is essential to study the differential characteristics of SAHS in the elderly.

DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Paola Arrieta Narvaez, Eva Mañas Baena, Rosa Mirambeaux Villalona, Carolina Gotera, Carolina Jurkojc Mohremberger, Deisy Barrios Barreto, Patricia Lazo Meneses, Patricia Castro Acosta, Maria Galarza Jimenez, Maria Salazar, Sagrario Mayoralas Alises, Salvador Diaz Lobato, Esteban Perez Rodriguez, Jonathan Cámara Fernández

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