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Does There Exist an Influence From the Adolescent Students' Cultural Level on the Smoking Initiation? FREE TO VIEW

Cristina Muñoz-Pindado, MS; Carlos Muñoz-Pindado, MS; Carmen Blas; David Lora, MD; Jesús Muñoz-Méndez, MD
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Medical Student at Complutense University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Chest. 2014;145(3_MeetingAbstracts):561A. doi:10.1378/chest.1822345
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SESSION TITLE: Miscellaneous Case Report Posters

SESSION TYPE: Case Report Poster

PRESENTED ON: Sunday, March 23, 2014 at 01:15 PM - 02:15 PM

INTRODUCTION: Nowadays tabaquism is one of the major world's health problem (1). The influence of the social setting and the teenagers' cultural level plays an important role in the initiation of smoking . The aim was to value the smoke prevalence and the environment influence on the start of this habit.

CASE PRESENTATION: Material and methods: Transversal study on a group of high cultural and intellectual level students from the "High School San Mateo" in the Madrid region. In the anonymous questionnaire we asked about smoking habit, starting age, number of cigarettes, alcohol and other toxic substances consumption, influence of the social setting on the smoking beginning; friends and relatives influence; smoking habit of parents, brothers, sisters and friends; relatives' and friends' diseases. The results were processed by SPSS informatic programme. Results: 121 students were included (65 female and 56 male). The average age at the group was 16.6 SD ±0.52 years old; at smokers 17 SD ±0.45 years old and at non smokers 16.55 SD ±0.52 years old. There were 11 (9%) students who smoke (7 female and 4 male); the starting age was 13.6 SD ±1.8 years old. 62 (51%) students consumed alcoholic drinks, and 47 (38.8%) students consumed other toxic substances. Being a smoker was associated with having a smoker brother or sister (p=0.00) and with alcohol consumption (p=0.035), the 91% of smokers recognized friends' influence on the smoking initiation.

DISCUSSION: We have observed a smoking incidence of 9% among the high cultural level students, this is lower than the average smoking incidence found in same age teenagers (2). The percentage of students that drink alcohol or consumes other toxic substances is elevated, and higher than the smokers' percentage. The 91% of smokers recognized friends' influence on the smoking initiation, it seems that smoking status is related to having a smoker brother or sister and to alcohol consumption.

CONCLUSIONS: The tabaquism prevalence in high cultural level students in the Madrid Region is lower than the tabaquism prevalence in same age students of Madrid (2) and Spain (3). The smoking beginning is very influenced by brothers' and sisters' smoking habit and related to alcohol consumption. It is necessary to establish prevention programmes against the teenagers' alcohol and other toxic substances consumption and against teenagers' smoking habit working on parents and teachers.

Reference #1: World Health Organization. Global status report on noncommunicable diseases 2010. Description of the global burden of NCDs, their risk factors and determinants. 2011

Reference #2: Consejería de Sanidad de la Comunidad de Madrid. Hábitos de salud en la población juvenil de la Comunidad de Madrid, 2010. Boletín Epidemiológico de la Comunidad de Madrid, 2011, 4 (17): 3-38.

Reference #3: Instituto Nacional de Estadistica. Ministerio de Sanidad, Servicios Sociales e Igualdad. Encuesta Nacional de Salud 2011 - 2012. Edited on march 2013. (www.ine.es)

DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Cristina Muñoz-Pindado, Carlos Muñoz-Pindado, Carmen Blas, David Lora, Jesús Muñoz-Méndez

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