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Pulmonary Physiology |

Does Diaphragmatic Breathing Technique Really Improve Its Range of Motion? An Objective Assessment

Ana Rita Fernandes, PT; Maria Perez, PT; Ricardo Ribeiro, PhD; Teresa Tomás, PhD
Author and Funding Information

Lisbon Higher School of Health Technology; Department of Sciences and Technologies of Rehabilitation, Lisbon, Portugal


Chest. 2014;145(3_MeetingAbstracts):457A. doi:10.1378/chest.1819405
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Abstract

SESSION TITLE: Physiology/PFTs/Rehabilitation Posters

SESSION TYPE: Poster Presentations

PRESENTED ON: Saturday, March 22, 2014 at 01:15 PM - 02:15 PM

PURPOSE: To verify the results of a diaphragmatic breathing technique (DBT) on diaphragmatic range of motion in healthy subjects.

METHODS: A total of 51 healthy subjects (10 male; 41 female), mean age 20 years old and a body mass index (BMI) ranging from 15.6 to 34.9 kg/m2, were enrolled in this study. Diaphragmatic range of motion was assessed by M-mode ultrasound imaging. Measurements were made before and after the DBT implementation in a standard protocol, based on 3 seconds of inspiration starting from a maximum expiration. Differences between assessments were analyzed by descriptive statistics and t-test (p < 0.05) .

RESULTS: Mean value range of motion before DBT was 55.3 ± 13.4 mm and after DBT was 63.8 ± 13.2 mm showing a significant improvement of 8.5 ± 14.7 mm (p < 0.001). A strong correlation between the slope and the range of motion was found (r = 0.71, p < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Based on ultrasound measurements, it has been proved that DBT really contributes to a higher diaphragmatic range of motion. Future studies are needed in order to understand the influence of protocol parameters (e.g. inspiration time).

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: In the contest of evidence-based practice in physiotherapy, it has been showed by objective measurements that DBT improves the diaphragm range of motion, translating into a more efficient ventilatory function and thus can be used in clinical setting. To our knowledge this is the first study to assess the effects of DBT on range of motion of diaphragm muscle with ultrasound imaging.

DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Ana Rita Fernandes, Maria Perez, Ricardo Ribeiro, Teresa Tomás

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