SESSION TITLE: Tobacco Cessation and Prevention Posters
SESSION TYPE: Poster Presentations
PRESENTED ON: Saturday, March 22, 2014 at 01:15 PM - 02:15 PM
PURPOSE: To analyze knowledge and attitudes about smoking among medical students and to asses possible changes in those parameter after and special class.
METHODS: An anonymous survey was made among the participants on the smoking cessation class. This survey had 14 questions in order to evaluate knowledge and attitudes related to the smoking habit (pre-test). After the participation in the class, which last about one hour, the same survey was made (post-test) to analyze the changes. We used the SPSS program to statistical analysis of the dates.
RESULTS: We obtained 84 valid questionnaires (42 pre-test and 42 post-test). The percentages of correct answers within the pre-test and post-test, and the statistic significance are the following (in order: Pre-test, Post-test, and statistic significance -p-): Relationship between smoking habit and illness: 50%, 83,2% and < 0,001 Relationship between smoking habit as the first cause of preventive death: 4,8%, 69% and <0,001 Relationship between tendency of consumption and social class: 76,2%, 95,2% and 0,008 Age of beginning: 14,3%, 73,8% and <0,001 Relation of cardiovascular illness whit CO: 7,1%, 90,5% and < 0,001 Relation of cancer whit nitrosamines: 7,1%, 90,5% and < 0,001 Relation of COPD whit oxidation: 7,1%, 90,5% and < 0,001 Effectiveness of pharmacological treatment: 35,7%, 71,4% and 0,005
CONCLUSIONS: After the participation in one hour standard class, the knowledge about epidemiology, physiopathology effects, and treatment of smoking habit, are improved.
CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: We must improve knowledge about smoking among medical students in order to increase and progress in the treatment of smokers.
DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Maria Jose Antona, Francisca Marquez, Pilar Cordero, María Teresa Gómez Vizcaíno, María del Carmen García García
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