In its 2013 physician-payment rule, CMS announced new payment codes (99495 and 99496) that incentivize ambulatory care providers to participate in transitional care management (TCM).7 To bill for these payments, ambulatory physicians must provide three key services. First, they must make contact with patients within 2 days of hospital discharge. Second, they must have a face-to-face (FTF) visit with moderate or high complexity patients within 7 days to 14 days of discharge. Third, and perhaps most importantly, they must provide indicated care coordination services, although not necessarily in a FTF setting, during the 30 days after discharge (Table 1). The TCM codes are not restricted to any particular diagnostic category; however, they are restricted to patients discharged to home and may not be applied for patients discharged to a postacute care facility. TCM payments range from $164 to $231, up to $91 more than office visit reimbursement ($73 to $143). There is no restriction on the use of additional office visits (ie, evaluation and management services) provided during the 30-day transitional service period. The majority of the TCM payments are expected to go to primary care providers, increasing their Medicare reimbursements by approximately 7%.8 However, TCM payments are not limited to primary care providers because of the belief of CMS that pulmonology, cardiology, or other specialty offices may sometimes serve as patients’ medical homes and provide those patients with the best transitional care.