SESSION TITLE: Pediatric Critical Care Posters
SESSION TYPE: Original Investigation Poster
PRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 30, 2013 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PM
PURPOSE: This study examined parents' lived experiences raising a child with complex health needs that included respiratory dependence, and the patterns of coping and relationship that they found helpful.
METHODS: A mixed-methods convergent design was used; data was gathered through in-depth interviews with 8 parents (5 women, 3 men), and through surveys completed by 31 parents (21 women, 10 men). Transcripts were analyzed for recurring themes, and findings were then compared with the survey results to identify areas of convergence and divergence.
RESULTS: Living with the unknown, social isolation and loneliness were commonly reported stressors. Acquiring skills in system navigation, advocacy and case management were necessary in addition to specialized caregiving. Effective coping required access to reliable social support and employment of both problem-focused and emotion-regulation strategies. Parents' descriptions of helpful relationships consistently featured "authentic engaged presence" and 4 core elements: caring, communication, collaboration and competence. A strong positive relationship existed between parents' coping and their perceptions of their relationship with the child's health care provider (hcp); family structure and presence of tracheostomy were significant contextual factors. Parents felt disempowered in hospital, particularly in the Emergency Department; however, encounters with the Respirology Consultation Service were identified as highly facilitative. Scarcity of resources and respite were top concerns.
CONCLUSIONS: Parenting these children involved organization, persistent multisystem navigation, advocacy and engagement, and a strong support network. Single working parents were highly vulnerable to social isolation and becoming overwhelmed; unreliable respite services compounded this. The parent-to-provider connection was the key point in each system. Respite services were essential to enabling parental coping; their unreliability was a pervasive problem in urgent need of attention.
CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Services should be grounded in family-centred care principles. Service providers' approach should embody the helpful relational characteristics parents identified (can foster reciprocal interaction). Service providers should persist in outreach efforts to self-isolating families. Counselling services should be made available from the outset. Formal and informal parent support networks should be fostered whenever possible.
DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Miriam Duff, Brenda Giles
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