SESSION TITLE: Cardiovascular Posters
SESSION TYPE: Original Investigation Poster
PRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 30, 2013 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PM
PURPOSE: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is associated with an increased prevalence of coronary artery disease, heart failure and rhythm disturbance. Also, P-wave dispersion (Pd) reflects inhomogeneous atrial depolarization secondary to insults such as chronically elevated atrial pressure, ischemia, or metabolic stress that promote atrial structure remodeling and provide a substrate for atrial fibrillation. We aimed to investigate Pd in patients with OSA and to determine if there is any relationship with severity of the disease.
METHODS: This study was conducted in chest & cardiology departments, Assuit University hospital, Egypt on 40 OSA patients (29 males and 11 females), and 20 healthy controls. We excluded patients with COPD and any diagnosed cardiac disease. For every patient, we did a polysomnography and ECG.
RESULTS: We subdivided our patients into three groups: mild, moderate and sever OSA and we determined P wave dispersion (Pd) in each group. Pd was significantly more in OSA (98.50 ± 4.77m/s) than controls (72.00 ± 3.37m/s) (p value<0.05). Pd in severe, moderate and mild OSA were (111.43± 5.62 m/s), (95.00 ± 7.83m/s) and (65.71 ± 8.41m/s) respectively with a significant positive correlation with severity of OSA. Multiple linear regression show that systolic blood pressure and BMI are independently associated with Pd (β=0.56, p=0.00). (β=0.27, p=0.05).
CONCLUSIONS: Pd is increased in patients with OSA and correlated with severity of the condition. Systolic blood pressure and BMI are independent risk factors for Pd. Follow up of patients is recommended.
CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Our study group included patients without a history of AF; therefore the clinical significance of Pd was not evaluated in this study. We recommend further follow up of the patients to detect clinical implications of Pd in OSA patients.
DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Mohamed Metwally, Salwa Roushdy, Mohamed Koriem, Amira Makhlouf
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