With proper training, either in medical schools, residency programs, non-sleep medicine fellowships (neurology, psychiatry, pulmonary, and so forth), or in clinical practice, I believe that health-care providers can be adequately trained to diagnose and treat many uncomplicated sleep-disordered patients (uncomplicated OSA, restless legs syndrome, insomnia, some circadian rhythm disorders, and so forth) and to satisfactorily interpret sleep studies if they are supported by local sleep centers. In the early 1990s, the Walla Walla Project was designed as a project to bring the diagnosis and treatment of sleep disorders into primary care.5 Sleep specialists provided didactic community education to health-care providers, diagnostic equipment, and ongoing support as local sleep expertise was developed. Sleep evaluations increased 100-fold among the patients at the Walla Walla Clinic; of the 360 patients undergoing home polysomnography, 81% were found to have significant OSA, resulting in treatment with CPAP in 228. Compliance rates were found at the time to be similar to CPAP compliance rates published by certified sleep centers. Because of the volume of patients as a result of this project, the author became a board-certified sleep medicine specialist, and the Kathryn Severyns Dement Sleep Disorders Center was founded; > 9,000 patients have been seen over the last 20 years.