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Respiratory Medicine in ChinaRespiratory Medicine in China: Progress, Challenges, and Opportunities

Chen Wang, MD, PhD, FCCP; Fei Xiao, MD, PhD; Renli Qiao, MD, PhD, FCCP; Ying H. Shen, MD, PhD
Author and Funding Information

From the Beijing Hospital (Drs Wang and Xiao), Beijing Institute of Geriatrics, Key Laboratory of Geriatrics, Ministry of Health, Beijing, China; the Beijing Institute of Respiratory Medicine (Dr Wang), Beijing Key Laboratory of Respiratory and Pulmonary Circulation Disorders, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China; the Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine (Dr Qiao), Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA; and the Baylor College of Medicine (Dr Shen), Houston, TX.

Correspondence to: Chen Wang, MD, PhD, FCCP, Beijing Hospital, Beijing Institute of Respiratory Medicine, Beijing Key Laboratory of Respiratory and Pulmonary Circulation Disorders, Beijing Institute of Geriatrics, Key Laboratory of Geriatrics, Ministry of Health, No. 1 Dahua Rd, Dongcheng District, Beijing 100730, China; e-mail: cyh-birm@263.com


Funding/Support: This work was supported by National Key Technology Research and Development Program [Grant 2012BAI05B02], National High Technology Research and Development Program [Grant 2012AA02A511], Special Funds for Healthcare Research in the Public Welfare [Grant 201002008], and the National Natural Science Foundation of China [Grant 81030032/H19].

Reproduction of this article is prohibited without written permission from the American College of Chest Physicians. See online for more details.


Chest. 2013;143(6):1766-1773. doi:10.1378/chest.12-1854
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The past century witnessed a rapid development of respiratory medicine in China. The major burden of respiratory disease has shifted from infectious diseases to chronic noninfectious diseases. Great achievements have been made in improving the national standard of clinical management of various respiratory diseases and in smoking control. The specialty of respiratory medicine is expanding into pulmonary and critical care medicine. Nevertheless, respiratory diseases remain a major public health problem, with new challenges such as air pollution and nosocomial infections. This review describes the history, accomplishments, new challenges, and opportunities in respiratory medicine in China.


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