0
Original Research: Pulmonary Procedures |

Trendelenburg Position Does Not Increase Cross-sectional Area of the Internal Jugular Vein PredictablyTrendelenburg Does Not Increase Jugular Size

Boulos Nassar, MD; Gur Raj S. Deol, MD; Andrew Ashby, MD; Nicole Collett, MD; Gregory A. Schmidt, MD, FCCP
Author and Funding Information

From the Division of Pulmonary Diseases, Critical Care, and Occupational Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA.

Correspondence to: Gregory A. Schmidt, MD, FCCP, Division of Pulmonary Diseases, Critical Care, and Occupational Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa, 200 Hawkins Dr, C33-GH, Iowa City, IA 52246; e-mail: Gregory-a-schmidt@uiowa.edu


Reproduction of this article is prohibited without written permission from the American College of Chest Physicians. See online for more details.

Funding/Support: The authors have reported to CHEST that no funding was received for this study.


Chest. 2013;144(1):177-182. doi:10.1378/chest.11-2462
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  The Trendelenburg position is used to distend the central veins, improving both the success and safety of vascular cannulation. The purpose of this study was to measure the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the internal jugular vein (IJV) in three different positions using surface ultrasonography.

Methods:  Fifty-one subjects were enrolled. A Sono Site Titan 180 or M-Turbo portable ultrasound machine with a 10.5-mHz broadband linear surface probe was used. We measured the CSA of the IJV (at end-expiration at the level of the cricoid cartilage) in three positions: 15° reverse Trendelenburg, supine, and 15° Trendelenburg.

Results:  The mean CSA at 15° reverse Trendelenburg was 0.83 cm2 (SD, 0.86), in the supine position it was 1.25 cm2 (SD, 0.98), and at −15° Trendelenburg it was 1.47 cm2 (SD, 1.03). Moving from reverse Trendelenburg to supine, the CSA increased by 50%. In contrast, lowering the head to a Trendelenburg position increased the mean CSA by only 17%. Surprisingly, Trendelenburg positioning reduced the CSA in nine of the 51 subjects.

Conclusions:  Trendelenburg positioning augments the CSA only modestly, on average, compared with the supine position, and in some patients it reduces the CSA.

Trial Registration:  ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT01099254; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543