0
Original Research: Pulmonary Rehabilitation |

Respiratory Muscle Training for Respiratory Deficits in Neurodegenerative DisordersRespiratory Training in Neurologic Disorders: A Systematic Review

Alvaro Reyes, MSc; Mel Ziman, PhD; Ken Nosaka, PhD
Author and Funding Information

From the School of Medical Sciences (Mr Reyes and Dr Ziman), and the School of Exercise and Health Sciences (Dr Nosaka), Edith Cowan University, Joondalup, WA, Australia.

Correspondence to: Alvaro Reyes, MSc, School of Medical Sciences, Edith Cowan University, 270 Joondalup Dr, Joondalup, WA, 6027, Australia; e-mail: a.reyes@ecu.edu.au


Reproduction of this article is prohibited without written permission from the American College of Chest Physicians. See online for more details.

Funding/Support: The authors have reported to CHEST that no funding was received for this study.


Chest. 2013;143(5):1386-1394. doi:10.1378/chest.12-1442
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  Studies of the impact of respiratory muscle training (RMT) on central neurodegenerative pathologies have been aimed at improving pulmonary function. However, there is no certainty about the effectiveness of RMT in patients affected by these groups of disorders. The purpose of this review was to assess the evidence regarding the efficacy of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) and expiratory muscle training (EMT) on respiratory function in patients with neurodegenerative disorders of the CNS.

Methods:  A comprehensive search from 1990 to September 2012 on MEDLINE, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), PubMed, Cochrane Library, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases was made. Studies reporting on IMT and EMT in patients with neurodegenerative diseases were included. The selected studies were abstracted using a standardized data collection instrument and were assessed by a quality checklist created and adapted from CONSORT (Consolidated Standards for Reporting Trials) and TREND (Transparent Reporting of Evaluation with Nonrandomized Designs).

Results:  Twenty-four studies were identified by the search strategy. Only 19 studies met the criteria for full review. Ten studies met all the inclusion criteria and were included in the final analysis. Of the 16 parameters present in the quality assessment checklist, only six were achieved for the studies analyzed.

Conclusions:  There is some evidence that RMT improves a number of respiratory function parameters in patients with Parkinson disease and multiple sclerosis; however, the number of studies and their quality are not sufficient to conclude whether IMT or EMT is effective in improving respiratory function in patients with neurodegenerative disorders of the CNS.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543