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Risk Factors for Asthma in Children Between 4 and 14 Years Old Assisted in a Reference Hospital in Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil FREE TO VIEW

Suzi Maron*, MBBS; Maria Cardoso, MD; Giselle Afonso, MBBS; Erico Melo, MBBS; Iure Belli, MBBS; Rodrigo Oliveira, MBBS; Gustavo Pires, MBBS
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Universidade Federal do Amazonas (UFAM), Manaus, Brazil

Chest. 2012;142(4_MeetingAbstracts):781A. doi:10.1378/chest.1390174
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SESSION TYPE: Pediatric Pulmonology Posters

PRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 24, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PM

PURPOSE: To identify the main risk factors to asthma in patients of age among 4 to 14 years old who were attended by the Asthma Assistance and Control Program (AACP), at Araújo Lima Ambulatory, service of the University Hospital Getúlio Vargas, located at Manaus, Amazonas, Brazil.

METHODS: The study is a descriptive, observational and a retrospective one, with a quantitative approach, during which personal data from children was evaluated, through the application of a questionnaire. The study population consists of 427 children, of whom 127 were asthmatic e 300 were non-asthmatic, therefore used as the control-group.

RESULTS: Out of the 426 analyzed patients, 10,3% were born out of cesarean delivery (p = 0,0412); of 427 patients, 17,6% had a history of prior infection by intestinal parasites (p = 3,873e-14); of 422, 0,948% had a mother smoking history (both prior and current) (p = 0,01834); of 331, 4,2% had a parenthood history of asthma (p = 0,004399); of 251, 17,7% presented lining in the sleeping room in the day of the interview (p = 0,01044) and 18,1% had bed lining in the first year of life (p = 0,01733); of 322 patients, 25,12% shared or had shared the room in the first year of life (p = 0,01733); of 326, 11,3% had some kind of animal inside their house in the moment of the interview (p = 0,008207).

CONCLUSIONS: The asthma prevalence was higher among those who lived in urban areas (28,2%); those who shared sleeping room with other people (25%); those who had animal inside of their houses (11,3%); and those with a previous gastrointestinal parasite infection (17,6%).

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: The asthma prevalence was higher in children with a familiar history of asthma, when compared to other studies with children between the ages of 4 to 14; it is also true for the all the others risk factors analyzed.

DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Suzi Maron, Maria Cardoso, Giselle Afonso, Erico Melo, Iure Belli, Rodrigo Oliveira, Gustavo Pires

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Universidade Federal do Amazonas (UFAM), Manaus, Brazil




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