SESSION TYPE: Critical Care Student/Resident Case Report Posters II
PRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 23, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PM
INTRODUCTION: ECMO as support during whole lung lavage (WLL) for pulmonary alveolar proteinosis is reserved for severe cases where oxygenation is inadequate to support the patient using the ventilator alone. While most publications describe a venovenous cannulation with variable results we present a successful case using venoarterial cannulation and discuss the potential benefits of this mode of ECMO support.
CASE PRESENTATION: We present the case of a 44 year old female with a past medical history of Behcets disease and a BMI of 37 who was diagnosed with pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) on a lung biopsy after presenting with dyspnea. As her supplemental oxygen needs escalated she was intubated and was difficult to oxygenate on a conventional ventilator. She was urgently taken to the operating room for venoarterial ECMO support and whole lung lavage. The patient was cannulated femorally using a 20 french venous catheter and an 18 french arterial catheter, with a retrograde arterial catheter to preserve distal perfusion to the right lower extremity. ECMO flow was satisfactory at 4L/min. The whole lung lavage was performed bilaterally using 12 liters of normal saline in one liter instillations with chest physiotherapy between liters. The character and color of the fluid was initially opaque and sero-sanguinous; at the conclusion of the 12 liter lavage the fluid was serous and transparent. Her oxygenation improved immediately post operatively and she was decannulated from ECMO on the fifth post-operative day without complications.
DISCUSSION: We propose that venoarterial ECMO is superior to venovenous ECMO during whole lung lavage because total cardiopulmonary support can be provided to the patient to maintain adequate oxygenation and hemodynamics. During whole lung lavage while the pulmonary vascular resistance increases, strain on the right ventricle increases and can be avoided with venoarterial ECMO.
CONCLUSIONS: Venoarterial ECMO for support during whole lung lavage for PAP may provide a superior alternative to venovenous ECMO in patients who are difficult to ventilate and/or oxygenate due to the severity of their disease.
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DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Julie Monteagudo, NIcholas Cavaricchi, Boyd Hehn, Naveed Hasan, Hitoshi Hirose
No Product/Research Disclosure InformationThomas Jefferson University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA