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Diffuse Lung Disease |

Increased Levels of IL-8 in BALF From Patients With Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis

Glenda Ernst*, MS; Carolina Jancic, PhD; Fabían Caro, MD; Patricia Vujacich, MD; Gabriela Tabaj, MD; Artemio Garcia, MD; Silvia Hajos, PhD; Jorge Geffner, PhD; Pedro Grynblat, MD
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María Ferrer Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina


Chest. 2012;142(4_MeetingAbstracts):445A. doi:10.1378/chest.1388960
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Abstract

SESSION TYPE: ILD Posters

PRESENTED ON: Wednesday, October 24, 2012 at 01:30 PM - 02:30 PM

PURPOSE: Idiopathic Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis (PAP) is a rare illness characterized by the accumulation of phospholipids, surfactants and a high cellularity in the alveolar space as well as by the presence of antibodies anti-GM-CSF in the patient serum. The aim of this study was to determine the levels of IL-8 in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) from patients with PAP, patients with other Interstitial Lung Diseases (ILDs), and healthy subjects.

METHODS: PAP was confirmed by lung biopsies. In 3 patients we detected by ELISA the presence of antibodies anti-GM-CSF working with serum samples diluted 1:750. IL-8 was determined by ELISA in BALF from 13 healthy subjects (to whom bronchoscopy was performed as follow up for post-intubation tracheal stenosis surgery), BALF from 31 patients with ILDs with histopathology confirmation (idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis/usual interstitial pneumonia (IPF/UIP: n=6); non-specific interstitial pneumonia (NSIP: n; =4); hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP: n=12), sarcoidosis (n= 6); pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (Hx: n=3), and BALF from 4 patients with PAP.

RESULTS: We found a significant increase in IL-8 levels in BALF from patients with PAP compared with either healthy subjects (769.9 ± 133.2 vs 64.9 ± 28.5 pg/mL; p<0.05), or ILD patients (UIP/FPI: 111.0 ± 33.0 pg/mL; NSIP: 68.6 ± 23.3 pg/mL; HP: 59.3 ± 20.8 pg/mL; sarcoidosis: 112.6 ± 77.65 pg/mL and Hx: 93.7 ± 48.3 pg/mL, p<0.05). By contrast, we found no differences among the different groups in the BALF levels of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-6 and TNF-α.

CONCLUSIONS: We found that IL-8 levels in BALF from patients with PAP are significantly increased compared with healthy subjects and patients with others ILD.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: The presence of elevated levels of IL-8 may contribute to the recruitment of inflammatory cells observed in PAP.

DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Glenda Ernst, Carolina Jancic, Fabían Caro, Patricia Vujacich, Gabriela Tabaj, Artemio Garcia, Silvia Hajos, Jorge Geffner, Pedro Grynblat

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María Ferrer Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina

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