Respiratory Care |

Impact of Exposure to Smoke From Wood Combustion While Cooking on Health-Related Quality of Life FREE TO VIEW

Ashutosh Aggarwal*, DM; K. Umasankar, MD; Dheeraj Gupta, DM
Author and Funding Information

Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India

Chest. 2012;142(4_MeetingAbstracts):936A. doi:10.1378/chest.1386093
Text Size: A A A
Published online


SESSION TYPE: Hot Topics in Respiratory & Critical Care

PRESENTED ON: Tuesday, October 23, 2012, 2012 at 04:30 PM - 05:45 PM

PURPOSE: Smoke from combustion of biomass cooking fuels is a major source of household indoor air pollution in India. Although health hazards related to such exposure are well-recognized, its effect on people’s perceived health-related quality of life (HRQL) is not clearly known. We evaluated effect of exposure to smoke from wood combustion while cooking on HRQL in apparently healthy north Indian women.

METHODS: 85 adult women (>15 years of age) regularly using wood as cooking fuel during past 12 months (Group 1), and 85 women regularly using liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) for cooking (Group 2), were studied. No subject had any current or past cardiorespiratory illness or any other medical condition likely to impair HRQL. The Hindi version of abbreviated World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-Bref) questionnaire was used to assess HRQoL in four domains (physical, psychological, social relationships, and environment). All subjects self-completed the WHOQOL-Bref by responding to each of its 26 items on a five-point Likert scale. Mean domain scores were compared between the two groups, after transformation to a scale of 0-100, with higher scores implying better HRQoL. The study was approved by our Institutional Ethics Committee and informed consent was obtained from all participants.

RESULTS: Mean (±SD) age, years of cooking, and hours spent daily in kitchen, were similar between women in Group 1 and Group 2 (38.3±10.7 years vs. 38.5±9.9 years, 26.2±11.7 years vs. 25.4±10.6 years, and 4.2±1.7 hours vs. 4.1±1.6 hours respectively). Mean (±SD) WHOQOL-Bref scores in physical, psychological, social relationships, and environment domains were significantly reduced in women in Group 1 as compared to women in Group 2 (69.9±22.8 vs. 76.9±12.3, p 0.015; 57.3±16.8 vs. 74.1±9.2, p <0.001; 59.4±26.0 vs. 85.7±12.8, p <0.001; 58.6±18.0 vs. 84.6±12.1, p <0.001 respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: HRQL is impaired across domains among healthy Indian women exposed to smoke from wood combustion while cooking, as compared to those using LPG, universally considered a clean cooking fuel.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Exposure to smoke from biomass fuel combustion may have adverse health implications, even in those not diagnosed to have any respiratory disorder related to such exposure. Biomass fuels should preferably be replaced with cleaner fuels for domestic cooking.

DISCLOSURE: The following authors have nothing to disclose: Ashutosh Aggarwal, K. Umasankar, Dheeraj Gupta

No Product/Research Disclosure Information

Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh, India




Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543