Buist AS, McBurnie MA, Vollmer WM, et al;; BOLD Collaborative Research Group BOLD Collaborative Research Group. International variation in the prevalence of COPD (the BOLD Study): a population-based prevalence study. Lancet. 2007;370(9589):741-750.
The National Lung Health Education Program (NLHEP)The National Lung Health Education Program (NLHEP). Strategies in preserving lung health and preventing COPD and associated diseases. Chest. 1998;113(suppl 2):123S-163S.
Lusuardi M, De Benedetto F, Paggiaro P, et al. A randomized controlled trial on office spirometry in asthma and COPD in standard general practice: data from spirometry in Asthma and COPD: a comparative evaluation Italian study. Chest. 2006;129(4):844-852.
Bednarek M, Maciejewski J, Wozniak M, Kuca P, Zielinski J. Prevalence, severity and underdiagnosis of COPD in the primary care setting. Thorax. 2008;63(5):402-407.
Leuppi JD, Miedinger D, Chhajed PN, et al. Quality of spirometry in primary care for case finding of airway obstruction in smokers. Respiration. 2010;79(6):469-474.
U.S. Preventive Services Task ForceU.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease using spirometry: US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statement. Ann Intern Med. 2008;148(7):529-534.
Lin K, Watkins B, Johnson T, Rodriguez JA, Barton MB; U.S. Preventive Services Task Force U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Screening for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease using spirometry: summary of the evidence for the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force. Ann Intern Med. 2008;148(7):535-543.
Qaseem A, Snow V, Shekelle P, et al;; Clinical Efficacy Assessment Subcommittee of the American College of Physicians Clinical Efficacy Assessment Subcommittee of the American College of Physicians. Diagnosis and management of stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a clinical practice guideline from the American College of Physicians. Ann Intern Med. 2007;147(9):633-638.
Van Schayck CP, Loozen JMC, Wagena E, Akkermans RP, Wesseling GJ. Detecting patients at a high risk of developing chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in general practice: cross sectional case finding study. BMJ. 2002;324(7350):1370.
Martinez FJ, Raczek AE, Seifer FD, et al;; COPD-PS Clinician Working Group COPD-PS Clinician Working Group. Development and initial validation of a self-scored COPD Population Screener Questionnaire (COPD-PS). COPD. 2008;5(2):85-95.
Yawn BP, Mapel DW, Mannino DM, et al;; Lung Function Questionnaire Working Group Lung Function Questionnaire Working Group. Development of the Lung Function Questionnaire (LFQ) to identify airflow obstruction. Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis. 2010;5:1-10.
Price DB, Tinkelman DG, Nordyke RJ, Isonaka S, Halbert RJ; COPD Questionnaire Study Group COPD Questionnaire Study Group. Scoring system and clinical application of COPD diagnostic questionnaires. Chest. 2006;129(6):1531-1539.
Kotz D, Nelemans P, van Schayck CP, Wesseling GJ. External validation of a COPD diagnostic questionnaire. Eur Respir J. 2008;31(2):298-303.
Perez-Padilla R, Vollmer WM, Vázquez-García JC, Enright PL, Menezes AM, Buist AS; BOLD and PLATINO Study Groups BOLD and PLATINO Study Groups. Can a normal peak expiratory flow exclude severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease?. Int J Tuberc Lung Dis. 2009;13(3):387-393.
Miller MR, Hankinson J, Brusasco V, et al;; ATS/ERS Task Force ATS/ERS Task Force. Standardisation of spirometry. Eur Respir J. 2005;26(2):319-338.
National Lung Health Education Program. Spirometer Review Process (SRP)-revised May 2008. Irving, TX: National Lung Health Education Program website.www.nlhep.org/spirometer-review-process.html
. 2009. Accessed March 3, 2011.
Hankinson JL, Odencrantz JR, Fedan KB. Spirometric reference values from a sample of the general US population. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1999;159(1):179-187.
Vandevoorde J, Verbanck S, Schuermans D, Kartounian J, Vincken W. FEV1/FEV6and FEV6as an alternative for FEV1/FVC and FVC in the spirometric detection of airway obstruction and restriction. Chest. 2005;127(5):1560-1564.
Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD)Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD). Global strategy for diagnosis, management, and prevention of COPD. Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease website.http://goldcopd.com/
. Updated December 2010. Accessed March 3, 2011.
Peña VS, Miravitlles M, Gabriel R, et al. Geographic variations in prevalence and underdiagnosis of COPD: results of the IBERPOC multicentre epidemiological study. Chest. 2000;118(4):981-989.
Celli BR, MacNee W; ATS/ERS Task Force ATS/ERS Task Force. Standards for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with COPD: a summary of the ATS/ERS position paper. Eur Respir J. 2004;23(6):932-946.
Castillo D, Guayta R, Giner J, et al;; FARMAEPOC group FARMAEPOC group. COPD case finding by spirometry in high-risk customers of urban community pharmacies: a pilot study. Respir Med. 2009;103(6):839-845.
Tønnesen P, Carrozzi L, Fagerström KO, et al. Smoking cessation in patients with respiratory diseases: a high priority, integral component of therapy. Eur Respir J. 2007;29(2):390-417.
Buffels J, Degryse J, Decramer M, Heyrman J. Spirometry and smoking cessation advice in general practice: a randomised clinical trial. Respir Med. 2006;100(11):2012-2017.
Wilt TJ, Niewoehner D, Kane RL, MacDonald R, Joseph AM. Spirometry as a motivational tool to improve smoking cessation rates: a systematic review of the literature. Nicotine Tob Res. 2007;9(1):21-32.
Bednarek M, Gorecka D, Wielgomas J, et al. Smokers with airway obstruction are more likely to quit smoking. Thorax. 2006;61(10):869-873.
Parkes G, Greenhalgh T, Griffin M, Dent R. Effect on smoking quit rate of telling patients their lung age: the Step2quit randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2008;336(7644):598-600.
Stratelis G, Mölstad S, Jakobsson P, Zetterström O. The impact of repeated spirometry and smoking cessation advice on smokers with mild COPD. Scand J Prim Health Care. 2006;24(3):133-139.
Cooper BG. Limitations to spirometry being performed in ‘the office’. Chron Respir Dis. 2005;2(2):113-115.
Enright P. Provide GPs with spirometry, not spirometers. Thorax. 2008;63(5):387-388.
Poels PJP, Schermer TRJ, Jacobs A, et al. Variation in spirometry utilization between trained general practitioners in practices equipped with a spirometer. Scand J Prim Health Care. 2006;24(2):81-87.
Han MK, Kim MG, Mardon R, et al. Spirometry utilization for COPD: how do we measure up?. Chest. 2007;132(2):403-409.
Zieliñski J, Bednarek M; Know the Age of Your Lung Study Group Know the Age of Your Lung Study Group. Early detection of COPD in a high-risk population using spirometric screening. Chest. 2001;119(3):731-736.
Walters JA, Hansen EC, Johns DP, Blizzard EL, Walters EH, Wood-Baker R. A mixed methods study to compare models of spirometry delivery in primary care for patients at risk of COPD. Thorax. 2008;63(5):408-414.
Tashkin DP, Celli B, Decramer M, et al. Bronchodilator responsiveness in patients with COPD. Eur Respir J. 2008;31(4):742-750.
Carvalhaes-Neto N, Lorino H, Gallinari C, et al. Cognitive function and assessment of lung function in the elderly. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995;152(5 pt 1):1611-1615.
Bellia V, Pistelli R, Catalano F, et al. Quality control of spirometry in the elderly. The S.A.R.A. study. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2000;161(4):1094-1100.
Pezzoli L, Giardini G, Consonni S, et al. Quality of spirometric performance in older people. Age Ageing. 2003;32(1):43-46.
Allen S, Yeung P, Janczewski M, Siddique N. Predicting inadequate spirometry technique and the use of FEV1/FEV3as an alternative to FEV1/FVC for patients with mild cognitive impairment. Clin Respir J. 2008;2(4):208-213.
Bellia V, Pistelli F, Giannini D, et al. Questionnaires, spirometry and PEF monitoring in epidemiological studies on elderly respiratory patients. Eur Respir J Suppl. 2003;40:21s-27s.
Hegewald MJ, Lefor MJ, Jensen RL, et al. Peak expiratory flow is not a quality indicator for spirometry: peak expiratory flow variability and FEV1are poorly correlated in an elderly population. Chest. 2007;131(5):1494-1499.