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LONGITUDINAL, QUANTITATIVE EVALUATION OF EMPHYSEMATOUS CHANGES AS SHOWN BY LOW-DOSE SPIRAL CT SCREENING IMAGES AMONG SMOKERS FREE TO VIEW

Takeshi Nawa, MD*; Suzushi Kusano, MD; Toru Nakagawa, MD; Masataka Irokawa, MD; Yuji Oka, MD
Author and Funding Information

Hitachi General Hospital, Hitachi, Japan



Chest. 2006;130(4_MeetingAbstracts):85S. doi:10.1378/chest.130.4_MeetingAbstracts.85S-a
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Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate longitudinal change of low attenuation area (CT-detected emphysema) on low-dose spiral CT images.

METHODS: 118 male CT-detected emphysema cases with smoking history (mean 40 pack-years) were evaluated with low-dose spiral CT screening images and pulmonary function test. The proportion of low attenuation area among whole CT images (%LAA, below -910 H.U.)were calculated automatically with software(“riskPointer”, Hitachi Medical Co.ltd).

RESULTS: Only 27 cases (23%) showed significant obstructive impairment at baseline. Between baseline and recent screening (mean follow-up periods; 4.9 years), overall %LAA had increased from 7.9% to 11.3%. The augmentation of % LAA were not significantly different with or without obstructive impairment at baseline. Participants whom quit smoking at baseline (n=22) had less augmentation of %LAA (1.7%) compared with smokers at baseline (3.8%).

CONCLUSION: CT-detected emphysema is progressive, with or without obstructive impairment. Prolonged quit smoking may effective to suppress the progression of pulmonary emphysema.

CLINICAL IMPLICATIONS: Low-dose spiral CT screening may play a role to detect and early intervention for subclinically chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

DISCLOSURE: Takeshi Nawa, Grant monies (from sources other than industry) Ministry of health, labour and welfare, Japan; Product/procedure/technique that is considered research and is NOT yet approved for any purpose, The software (“riskPointer”) had been developed by Hitachi Medical Co. Ltd.

Monday, October 23, 2006

10:30 AM - 12:00 PM


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