In our previous study we showed that 39360 or 33.3% out of 118 342 students of University of Belgrade are smokers. The aim of this study was to examine the importance of two factors of smoking dependency in young people - habit and stimulation by Ohio State University “Why Do You Smoke” questionnaire (WDYSQ).
The study included 546 students of University of Belgrade: 499 (mean age 20.9 ± 2.7) at the begging of the study (group A) and 47 (mean age 22 ± 1.7) on the forth years of the study (group B). All of them fulfilled WDYSQ and six factors of smoking dependency were calculated. Two factors, stimulation and habit were evaluated. The difference between the groups A and B was evaluated by student’s t-test.
The means values of stimulation and habit for whole group of students were 4.55 ±1.59 and 4.71 ± 1.99 retrospectively. High level of smoking dependency (score ≥ 11) were found in 24 (4%) students for stimulation and in 36 (7%) for habit There were not established statistically significant differences in the level of habit between groups A (4.7 ± 2.02 ) and B (4.89 ± 2.0), as well as in stimulation between groups A ( 4.49 ± 1.53) and B ( 5.19 ± 1.11).
Stimulation and habit are neither frequent factors of smoking dependency nor the factors with the high level of smoking addiction in young people.
The subject study was performed on the young people having not been smoking for many years. These results may help them to give up smoking as well as to find the best way to do it.
Marija Mitic Milikic, None.