Evaluate sleep habits and disorders among individuals from three cities in Venezuela and its correlations with lung and heart diseases.
A self-reported questionnaire sponsored by the Venezuelan Association of Sleep Medicine, was designed in order to know socio-demographic profile, heart and lung diseases, alcohol intake, cigarette-smoking habits and sleep medication. Athens insomnia scale and Epworths sleepiness scale were also included. Epworth score was used as a main outcome logistic regression (Forward stepwise), two separates models were performed to rule out overfiting; model A include only the questions related to somnolence and model B include comorbid conditions and baseline characteristics. Significance level was considered as 0.05.
946 questionnaires were analyzed. Age: 10 to 81 (mean 36.5) with 59 % of females. 15 % had heart disease, 12 % lung disorders, 33 % known as snores, 39 % with ethylic habits, 16 % used sleeping pills and Epworths scale of 6.7 ± 4.4. Sleeping hours of 6.9 ± 2.6 and working hours of 8.2 hours ± 2.09. According to the Athens scale, 62 % had enough sleep time, 76 % had an overall satisfactory quality of sleep, 79 % had no awakening and 89 % had no somnolence.
Lung disorders and overall quality of sleep were the only statistical variables associated to somnolence. The prevalence of snores (33 %) and apnea suggestive episodes (4 %) were similar to numbers reported else were.
Lungs Diseases seem to be more related to somnolence that any other condition.
Odds RatioStd Errz P > z95% Conf IntervalCity0.8550,94-1,40 - 0,1591,06Age0,980,007-1,57–0,1161,00Gender1,20,251,26- 0,2051,87Smokers0.880,21-0,49 - 0,6191,42Alcohol intake (gday)1,250,24-1,15 - 0,241,85Heart disorders1,140,27-0,57 - 0,561,84Lung disorders1,920,502,504 - 0,0123,22Pills0,960,26-0,13 - 0,891,63Hours of sleep0,880,05-1,81- 0,071,00Hours of job1,050,04-1,10 - 0,261,14
Gur Levy, None.