Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is an important public health problem both in developed and developing countries. In Turkey too, COPD is an important lung health burden. Public education and early diagnosis are crucial in the prevention of COPD.We hereby present the results of our “World COPD Day” experience in the spirometry tent built in Zonguldak city center (population: 115000)on this occasion on 17 November 2004.
On World COPD Day, 305 persons over 18 years of age ( 197 males and 108 females, mean age 41.7±11.97(18-82), %38.7 smokers, %17.4 exsmokers, %43.9 nonsmokers) underwent spirometric analysis.
Of 305 persons, 28 (9.2%) had FEV1/FVC below 70%, and 26 of 28 had %pred FEV1 below 80%. Overall, 52 (17%) had %pred FEV1 below 80%. Of 174 persons who were above 40 years of age, 14 (8%) had FEV1/FVC below 70%, and 13(7,4%) had %pred FEV1 below 80%. Of 14 with diagnosed with airway obstruction, spirometric analysis revealed %pred FEV1 >80% in one(7%), between 50 and 80% in nine(%64), and below 50% in four(%29). At the end of this activity, 9.2% of adult population tested (age>18) and 8% of tested population above 40 years of age had airway obstruction.Tested population with a confirmed COPD had been referred to hospitals.
In conclusion, obstructive pulmonary diseases including COPD are prevalent in central Zonguldak province.
Wide scale epidemiologic studies are needed to reveal the real problem in this polluted region of Turkey.
Meltem Tor, None.