The goal of this survey was to assess the knowledge, attitudes and beliefs of interns (students in internship year of medical faculty)about asthma and its management and to compare the correct response rate of interns with physicians in specialization training (PST) in teaching hospitals.
An asthma questionnaire including 33 items was applied to interns (n:209,40% female and 60 % male) and PST (n:202,49% female and 51% male)of Uludag Medical Faculty in July 2004.
The 89% of interns believed that asthma can be cured, whilst 84 % of PST believed so(p>0.05).The 13% of interns thought that when acute asthma attacks resolved, the disease can be cured, whilst 15% of thought so (p>0.05).The 76% of interns believed that asthma runs in families whilst 53% of PST believed so (p<0.001).The 99% of interns and 97% of PST knew that animal feathers were one of the triggers of asthma ((p>0.05).The 76% of interns and 47% of PST knew that cockroach was one of the triggers of asthma (p<0.001). The 57% of interns and 46% of PST thought that nutritional conditions can trigger asthma (p<0.05).There was not any significant difference on correct response rate to questions on about asthma signs. The 97% of interns believed that asthmatics can be treated without hospitalization, whilst 96% of PST believed so (p>0.05).The 19% of interns and 18% of PST thought that asthma medication should be sold without prescription (p>0.05).The 9% of interns and 9% of PST believed that asthma medication was addictive (p>0.05). The 90% of interns and 85% of PST thought that inhaler (vaporizer) was a good treatment (p>0.05).The 64 % of interns and 61% of PST believed that asthma care was expensive (p>0.05).
The interns knowledge about asthma was generally better than the PST, but by the time passing this compact knowledge may decrease as we observed in PST.
Postgraduate education about asthma should be offered every physician whatever their specialization is, when planning to improve asthma outcomes in society.
Esra Uzaslan, None.