A.General objectives:To determine if educational intervention would affect the level of TB awareness among High School students in selected schools in Metro ManilaB.Specific Objectives: 1.To determine the level of awareness the students have on the following aspects/components of TB before the intervention :a.Nature/causeb.Transmissibilityc.Effects in physical health d.Prevention2.To determine if the educational intervention improve the students’ level of awareness on TB.
Study Design: Experimental non- comparativeStudy sample: high school students Study setting and time period: Study was conducted from July 2004 to January 2005. Permission was granted by the school principals who scheduled the lectures in their audio-visual rooms.. Research Instruments: A pre-tested questionnaire was designed to measure the students’ level of awareness on TB before and after the lecture..Statistical Analysis: The scores pre and post educational intervention were calculated for each participant. Comparison of changes in scores were made using T-tests. Categorical data were analyzed using Chi-square tests. Mc-nemars test was used to determine change in response in each questionnaire, and change as to the level of awareness was determined using Wilcoxon matched–Pairs Signed Ranks test.
There was significant improvement post-educational intervention in the students’ scores on transmissibility (p=0.004) and nature/cause aspect of TB (p=0.000).As to prevention and its effects on physical health, scores were insignificant, but with improvement in the mean prevention scores.
The study demonstrated the effectiveness of an educational intervention in the students’ awareness on TB transmissibility and nature and cause,with that data, a school based TB education program is recommended to be included in the curriculum and should be implemented with the help of all the sectors involved.
The biggest burden of TB cases (40%) is in Southeast Asia. The Western Pacific regions,particularly Philippines, accounts for 29% of the 375,819 smear (+) cases. In 1998, we ranked 2nd next to china. Considering the threat this disease brings the children, medication costs, and length of treatment, prevention is the best strategy, and is achievable only by education and awareness.
Princess Dionisia Nazareno, None.