The next section presents two articles that provide an assessment of the nearly 10 years of initiatives to reduce asthma disparities in Chicago. The first article, by Shannon et al (see page 866S), synthesizes the larger public and private programs undertaken to reduce asthma morbidity and eliminate racial/ethnic disparities. As will be seen, these efforts were sponsored by national entities, by federal institutions (such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institutes of Health, and the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality), and by national foundations (such as the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation). Some of programs were state sponsored, although most state-supported programs were supported by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. However, perhaps the most important source of support (although not the largest in financial contributions) was a local foundation, the Otho S.A. Sprague Memorial Institute. The Institute, working with the Chest Foundation (the philanthropic arm of the American College of Chest Physicians) and the American Lung Association of Metropolitan Chicago, provided funds for the Chicago Asthma Consortium, which was the first of the asthma community coalitions in the United States. The Institute also provided co-funding for a Robert Wood Johnson Foundation community partnership grant for asthma care improvement that has had significant impact on asthma care in the Cook County Bureau of Healthcare Services, the largest safety net provider in the region. In addition, The Institute assisted a number of smaller local projects that served as pilot work for what eventually became larger projects and programs instituted in health-care organizations across the community. What is perhaps most notable in the article by Shannon et al (see page 866) is the breadth and scope of small and large projects aimed at solving this important public health problem.