During the past 20 years, a new focus has begun to emerge in medical literature dealing with the ICU. Numerous articles have appeared asking questions with a different dimension. The focus of this research has not been to discover whether medical skill or modern technology was doing all it could to save lives or ameliorate suffering. The research did not have as its primary subject patients or hospital staff. Rather, it was focused on the family members of patients in the ICU. Several hundred studies and articles over the past 2 decades have focused on the environmental and social issues of anxious family members awaiting the outcome of a relative’s stay in an ICU. While research continues to explore numerous dimensions of this issue, existing studies have already created a growing awareness among administrators, physicians, nurses, and staff that attending to the needs of these family members is a responsibility that no hospital can ignore.