Vilanterol (GW642444M) (VI) is a novel, inhaled, long-acting β2 agonist with inherent 24-h activity under development as a once-daily combination therapy with an inhaled corticosteroid for COPD and asthma. This study assessed the dose response, efficacy, and safety of VI at doses of 3 to 50 μg in patients with moderate to severe COPD.
Six hundred two patients (intent-to-treat) were randomized (double-blind) to VI 3, 6.25, 12.5, 25, or 50 μg or placebo once daily for 28 days. The primary end point was change from baseline in trough FEV1 at the end of the 28-day treatment period. Secondary end points included 0- to 24-h weighted mean FEV1 on days 1 and 28 and time to increases of ≥ 100 mL or ≥ 12% from baseline FEV1 on day 1. Safety assessments included adverse events, vital signs, ECG assessment, and clinical laboratory tests.
VI once daily for 28 days significantly improved trough FEV1 in a dose-dependent manner vs placebo. Clinically relevant treatment differences of ≥ 130 mL in trough and 0- to 24-h weighted mean FEV1 were observed with VI 25- and 50-μg doses vs placebo. All doses of VI were associated with a low incidence of treatment-related adverse events/serious adverse events, with no suggestion of effects on BP, pulse rate, QT intervals corrected for heart rate calculated by Fridericia formula, or blood glucose and potassium levels.
VI 25 and 50 μg once daily provided both statistically and clinically relevant 24-h improvements in lung function in patients with COPD compared with placebo. All doses of VI had a safety and tolerability profile similar to placebo.
ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT00606684; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov