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Research Bronchoscopies Do Not Adversely Affect HIV-infected Individuals' Future Health-Care Decisions FREE TO VIEW

Marc C. I. Lipman; David Stobbs; Sara Madge; Riva Miller; Margaret A. Johnson
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From the Department of Thoracic Medicine, Royal Free Hospital, London, UK.

1998 by the American College of Chest Physicians

Chest. 1998;114(1):284-290. doi:10.1378/chest.114.1.284
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Published online


Study objectives: Asymptomatic HIV-infected individuals are increasingly recruited for studies involving invasive procedures such as bronchoscopy. We sought to determine the response to and outcome of a request for a research bronchoscopy in HIV-positive individuals with no respiratory disease, and whether this would adversely affect future decisions to have a medically indicated bronchoscopy.

Design and setting: Prospective, semistructured, questionnaire-based study in a London teaching hospital HIV outpatient clinic.

Participants: One hundred and seven consecutive HIV-infected eligible individuals. Thirty-one healthy volunteers served as a control group for the subjective response to bronchoscopy.

Main outcome measures: Subjects' attitudes and responses to requests for bronchoscopy and subsequent behavior when they required medically indicated bronchoscopy.

Results: Seventy-five patients (70%) agreed to the procedure in principle, predominantly for altruistic reasons. Thirty-nine subjects underwent bronchoscopy. Five percent found it worse than expected; and 79% agreed to another research bronchoscopy (performed in 11 subjects approximately 2 years later). All patients said they would undergo bronchoscopy again for diagnostic purposes (required in seven during the study). When compared to a healthy volunteer population within the same study, postbronchoscopy symptoms were similar in frequency although somewhat different in nature. Subjects felt that a clear explanation of what was involved enhanced their participation in this research.

Conclusions: Invasive research procedures such as bronchoscopy can be performed and are repeatable in a healthy HIV-infected population. Performance of procedures for research purposes does not appear to adversely affect future health-care decisions.




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