0
Articles |

Does Medical Antireflux Therapy Improve Asthma in Asthmatics With Gastroesophageal Reflux? : A Critical Review of the Literature

Stephen K. Field; Lloyd R. Sutherland
Author and Funding Information

From the Divisions of Respiratory Medicine and Gastroenterology, Departments of Medicine and Community Medicine, Calgary Asthma Program and the University of Calgary, Alberta, Canada


1998 by the American College of Chest Physicians


Chest. 1998;114(1):275-283. doi:10.1378/chest.114.1.275
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Abstract

Objective: Identify and critically review the peer-reviewed, English-language studies of the effects of medical antireflux therapy in asthmatics with gastroesophageal reflux (GER).

Design: Using the 1966 to 1996 MEDLINE database, asthma was combined with GER to identify all studies of the effects of medical antireflux therapy on asthma control. The articles' bibliographies were also reviewed. Studies were graded according to Sackett's criteria and grouped by levels of evidence.

Results: A total of 242 citations were found; 171 were published in English. Twelve studies of the effects of medical antireflux therapy on asthma control, with a total of 326 treated patients, were identified. Eight studies were placebo-controlled, three were open studies, and one used an untreated control. Eight studies treated 20 or fewer patients. Reflux symptoms either did not improve or the effects of antireflux therapy on them were not reported in four studies. The combined data from the controlled medical antireflux studies showed that: (1) asthma symptoms improved in 69% of the subjects; (2) asthma medication use was reduced in 62% of the subjects; (3) evening peak expiratory flow (PEF), but not PEF at other times, improved in 26% of the subjects; and (4) spirometry did not improve in any of the placebo-controlled antireflux studies.

Conclusions: Analysis of the combined data suggests that medical antireflux therapy improves asthma symptoms, may reduce asthma medication use, but has minimal or no effect on lung function.


Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543