0
Original Research: ANTITHROMBOTIC THERAPY |

Fondaparinux for Isolated Superficial Vein Thrombosis of the LegsCost-Effectiveness Analysis of Fondaparinux: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis

Marc Blondon, MD; Marc Righini, MD; Henri Bounameaux, MD; David L. Veenstra, PharmD, PhD
Author and Funding Information

From the Department of Internal Medicine (Dr Blondon) and the Division of Angiology and Hemostasis, Department of Internal Medicine (Drs Righini and Bounameaux), University Hospitals of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland; and the Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health (Dr Blondon) and the Department of Pharmacy (Dr Veenstra), University of Washington, Seattle.

Correspondence to: Marc Blondon, MD, Department of Epidemiology, School of Public Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA 98195; e-mail: marc.blondon@hcuge.ch


Funding/Support: The authors have reported to CHEST that no funding was received for this study.

Reproduction of this article is prohibited without written permission from the American College of Chest Physicians (http://www.chestpubs.org/site/misc/reprints.xhtml).


© 2012 American College of Chest Physicians


Chest. 2012;141(2):321-329. doi:10.1378/chest.11-0625
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  According to the Comparison of Arixtra in Lower Limb Superficial Vein Thrombosis with Placebo (CALISTO) study, a recent randomized, controlled trial, prophylactic fondaparinux can prevent thrombotic complications following superficial vein thrombosis (SVT). The cost-effectiveness of this treatment remains to be determined.

Methods:  We developed a decision-tree model comparing fondaparinux 2.5 mg daily for 45 days vs no treatment of SVT. It included all clinical events associated with SVT, its treatment, its complications, and all respective quality-adjustment factors. Data were mainly derived from the CALISTO study and the published literature. Measured outcomes comprised clinical events (VTE, major hemorrhage, death), quality-adjusted life-years (QALYs), costs, and incremental cost-effectiveness ratios (ICERs). The analysis was conducted using a lifetime time horizon from a health-care system perspective. We performed one-way and probabilistic sensitivity analyses to evaluate parameter uncertainty.

Results:  In 10,000 patients, we estimated that fondaparinux would prevent 123 VTE events and two deaths. On a per-patient basis, the incremental QALY compared with no treatment was 0.04 (1 day) at an incremental cost of $1,734, resulting in an ICER of $500,000 per QALY. This result remained robust in the one-way sensitivity analyses, with an ICER remaining > $100,000 per QALY throughout all ranges. Based on probabilistic sensitivity analyses, the probability that fondaparinux was cost-effective was 1% at a willingness-to-pay of $100,000 per QALY.

Conclusions:  Fondaparinux for 45 days does not appear to be cost-effective when treating patients with isolated SVT of the legs. A better value for money could be obtained in subgroups of patients with a higher incidence of VTE after SVT. Shorter durations of treatment should be further evaluated in future clinical studies.

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

Find Similar Articles
CHEST Journal Articles
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543