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Editorials |

The Past, Present, and Future of Advance Directives as a Guide to End-of-Life Decision MakingAdvance Directives: Past, Present, and Future

Maor Sauler, MD; Mark D. Siegel, MD, FCCP
Author and Funding Information

From the Pulmonary & Critical Care Section, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine.

Correspondence to: Mark D. Siegel, MD, FCCP, Pulmonary & Critical Care Section, Department of Internal Medicine, Yale School of Medicine, 333 Cedar St, PO Box 208057, New Haven, CT 06520-8057; e-mail: Mark.siegel@yale.edu


Financial/nonfinancial disclosures: The authors have reported to CHEST that no potential conflicts of interest exist with any companies/organizations whose products or services may be discussed in this article.

Reproduction of this article is prohibited without written permission from the American College of Chest Physicians (http://www.chestpubs.org/site/misc/reprints.xhtml).


© 2012 American College of Chest Physicians


Chest. 2012;141(1):9-10. doi:10.1378/chest.11-2744
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Extract

Decisions to forego life-sustaining therapy occur every day in modern ICUs.1 Younger practitioners may find it hard to believe that until recently, dying and permanently unconscious patients lacked the fundamental right to refuse unwanted treatments. It was not until the 1970s that landmark court decisions established the right of families to make end-of-life decisions for decisionally impaired loved ones.2

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