0
Original Research |

Effects of Nebulized Bronchodilator Therapy on Heart Rate and Arrhythmias in Critically Ill Adult PatientsNebulized Bronchodilator Therapy Effects

Fahim M. Khorfan, MD, FCCP; Patricia Smith, RN, MSN; Sandra Watt, RN, MS; Kimberly R. Barber, PhD
Author and Funding Information

From the Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine Department (Dr Khorfan) and Office of Research (Mss Smith and Watt and Dr Barber), Genesys Regional Medical Center, Grand Blanc, MI, and Michigan State University College of Human Medicine (Drs Khorfan and Barber), East Lansing, MI.

Correspondence to: Kimberly R. Barber, PhD, Genesys Regional Medical Center, One Genesys Pkwy, Grand Blanc, MI 48439; e-mail: kbarber@genesys.org

Fifty-five percent of patients had multiple conditions on admission. CABG = coronary artery bypass graft.

CAD = coronary artery disease; CHF = congestive heart failure; DM = diabetes mellitus; HTN = hypertension; K1 = potassium; Mg = magnesium; MI = myocardial infarction; PVC = premature ventricular contraction; WNL = within normal limits. See Table 1 legend for expansion of other abbreviation.

Funding/Support: The authors have reported to CHEST that no funding was received for this study.

Reproduction of this article is prohibited without written permission from the American College of Chest Physicians (http://www.chestpubs.org/site/misc/reprints.xhtml).


Funding/Support: The authors have reported to CHEST that no funding was received for this study.

Funding/Support: The authors have reported to CHEST that no funding was received for this study.

Reproduction of this article is prohibited without written permission from the American College of Chest Physicians (http://www.chestpubs.org/site/misc/reprints.xhtml).

Reproduction of this article is prohibited without written permission from the American College of Chest Physicians (http://www.chestpubs.org/site/misc/reprints.xhtml).


Chest. 2011;140(6):1466-1472. doi:10.1378/chest.11-0525
Text Size: A A A
Published online

Background:  Tachycardia and tachyarrhythmias are associated with increased morbidity and mortality in adult patients in the ICU. This study examines the effects of nebulized bronchodilator therapy (albuterol and ipratropium) on heart rate and arrhythmias in this population and tests the proposition that levalbuterol is safer than albuterol in that regard.

Methods:  The design was a randomized, single-blind, crossover, prospective study in 70 critically ill adult patients treated with nebulized bronchodilators. Patients were randomized to nebulized albuterol alternating with levalbuterol every 4 to 6 h. Group A received albuterol 2.5 mg alternating with levalbuterol 0.63 mg. Group B received albuterol 2.5 mg alternating with levalbuterol 1.25 mg. All patients received nebulized ipratropium bromide with each treatment. Heart rate was recorded before and after each treatment. Cardiac rhythm was continuously monitored using electronic telemetry units.

Results:  In group A, mean ± SD change in heart rate after albuterol 2.5 mg (n = 303) was 0.89 ± 4.5 beats/min compared with 0.85 ± 5.3 beats/min after levalbuterol 0.63 mg (n = 301) (P = .89). In group B (n = 114), heart rate decreased 0.16 ± 5.1 beats/min after albuterol 2.5 mg compared with an increase of 1.4 ± 5.4 beats/min after levalbuterol 1.25 mg (n = 118) (P = .03). Five events of arrhythmias (0.6%) occurred during the course of 836 treatments. Four consisted of occasional premature ventricular contractions. Only one patient stopped treatment because of a 5-beat run of ventricular tachycardia (one in 70 patients [1.4%]).

Conclusions:  In critically ill adult patients, nebulized albuterol and ipratropium does not cause significant tachycardia or tachyarrhythmias. Substitution of levalbuterol for albuterol to avoid tachycardia and tachyarrhythmias is unwarranted.

Trial registry:  ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT01151579; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov

Figures in this Article

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Figures

Tables

References

NOTE:
Citing articles are presented as examples only. In non-demo SCM6 implementation, integration with CrossRef’s "Cited By" API will populate this tab (http://www.crossref.org/citedby.html).

Some tools below are only available to our subscribers or users with an online account.

Sign In to Access Full Content

MEMBER & INDIVIDUAL SUBSCRIBER

Want Access?

NEW TO CHEST?

Become a CHEST member and receive a FREE subscription as a benefit of membership.

Individuals can purchase this article on ScienceDirect.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal.

Individuals can purchase a subscription to the journal or buy individual articles.

Learn more about membership or Purchase a Full Subscription.

INSTITUTIONAL ACCESS

Institutional access is now available through ScienceDirect and can be purchased at myelsevier.com.

Related Content

Customize your page view by dragging & repositioning the boxes below.

CHEST Journal Articles
PubMed Articles
Guidelines
  • CHEST Journal
    Print ISSN: 0012-3692
    Online ISSN: 1931-3543